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Transformation of Sentences - Simple, Compound and Complex

  • To answer the question on Transformation of Sentences a deep study of the Types of Sentence is necessary.
  • A Sentence is a group of words, having a Subject and a Finite verb with a Complete Meaning.  It is also called 'Independent Clause' of 'Main Clause'.
The Squirrel is a good animal.
  • A Clause is a group of words, having a Subject and a Finite verb with an Incomplete Meaning.
  • Subordinating Conjunctions such as how, if, who, which, that etc. make the meaning incomplete.
We went to Delhi last year. (Sentence)
When we went to Delhi last year. (Clause)
  • A Phrase is a group of words having Neither a Subject Nor a Finite Verb Nor a Complete Meaning.
With a smile (Phrase)

Types of Sentences: Simple Sentence, Compund Sentence and Complex Sentence.
  • A Simple Sentence has Only One Main Clause.
Some Birds fly away in cool weather. (one Main Clause only)
  • A Compound Sentence has at least two Main Clauses.
The weather turns cold and soon some birds fly away. (Two Main Clauses)
The weather turns cold (First Main Clause), some birds fly away. (Second Main Clause)
  • A Complex Sentence has One Main Clause and at least One Subordinate Clause.
Some birds fly away when the weather turns cold. (One Main Clause and One Subordinate Clause)
Some birds fly away (Main Clause), when the weather turns cold (Subordinate Clause) 

Transformation of Sentences

 To make Two Simple Sentences into One Simple Sentence:

The ground is very hard.  Animals can't make a deep hole in it. (Two Simple Sentences)
  • Retain one sentence as it is and convert the other sentence into a Phrase.
The ground is too hard for the animals to make a hole in it. (One Main Clause with One Phrase)
The ground is too hard. (Main Clause) for the animals to make a hole in it (Phrase)

To make Two Simple Sentences into One Compound Sentence:

  • Combine the two Simple Sentences with a Conjunction such as 'and', 'but', 'yet'.....
The ground is very hard and so the animals can't make a deep hole in it.
The ground is very hard. (One Main Clause), and - Conjunction,
The animals can't make a deep hole in it. (Another Main Clause)

To make Two Simple Sentences into One Complex Sentence

  • Retain one Simple Sentence as it is and convert the other into a Subordinate Clause.
The ground is so hard that the animals can't make a deep hole in it.
  • Transforming any one type into another can be done in the same way by forming a sentence into a clause or phrase; a clause into a sentence or phrase; a phrase into a clause or sentence.

EXERCISE - I

Convert the following simple sentences to compound sentences:
  1. With a great effort he lifted the box.
  2. The teacher punished the boy for disobedience.
  3. He must work hard to Win the First Prize. 
  4. We must eat to live.
  5. Inspite of being a poor man he agreed to help me with money.
Answers:
  1. He put forth a great effort and lifted the box.
  2. The boy was disobedient and so the teacher punished him.
  3. He must work hard or he will not win the first prize.
  4. We must eat or we cannot live.
  5. He was a poor man yet he agreed to help me with the money.
EXERCISE - II

Convert the simple sentences into complex sentences.
  1. He bought his friend's library.
  2. With your permission I will go away.
  3. He is too short for a soldier.
  4. Tell me your Address.
  5. The shephered found the lost sheep.
Answers:
  1. He bought the library which belonged to his friend.
  2. If you permit me I will go away.
  3. He was so short that he is not fit to be a soldier.
  4. Tell me where you live.
  5. The shephered found the sheep that was lost.
EXERCISE - III

Convert the following complex sentences into simple sentences.
  1. He said that he was innocent.
  2. The moment which was lost is lost forever.
  3. He sold the horse which belonged to his brother.
  4. As you show so shall you reap.
  5. The higher we go, the cooler it becomes. 
Answers:
  1. He declared his innocence.
  2. A lost moment is lost forever.
  3. He sold his brother's horse.
  4. You will reap the fruits of your sowing.
  5. It is cooler for at higher places.
EXERCISE - IV

Convert the following complex sentences into simple sentences.
  1. I had lost a book but I have found it.
  2. You must hurry or you will miss the bus.
  3. The bird was wounded but not killed.
  4. Spare the rod and spare the child.
  5. Either Kumar will come or he will send a letter.
Answers:
  1. I have found the book, that I had lost.
  2. If you do not hurry, you will miss the train.
  3. The bird was not killed although it was wounded.
  4. If you spare the rod, you will spoil the child.
  5. If Kumar does not come, he will send a letter. 
EXERCISE - V

Convert the following complex sentences into simple sentences.
  1. I could answer, if I chose.
  2. At Rome we must behave as the Romans do.
  3. I have never heard from him since he left Chennai.
  4. If I am right, you must be wrong.
  5. You may go when you have finished your work.
Answers:
  1. I can answer, but I don't choose to.
  2. We may be at Tome and there we must behave as Romans do.
  3. He left Chennai and I have not heard from him ever since.
  4. Either I am right or you are.
  5. Finish your work and then you may go.

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