The Verb

i)  A Verb is a word that tells about the action of a noun.
    Kavitha has written a book.
ii)  A Transitive verb is a verb that denotes an action which passes over (transitive = passing over) to an        object.
    The boy repairs the machine.  (Machine is the object of the boy's action)

iii) An Intransitive verb is a verb that deontes an action which does not pass over to an object or which      expresses a state or being.
     The girl laughs.  (There is no object)
     The child sleeps.  (There is no object)

iv) Transitive verbs take objects - Direct Object and Indirect Object.
     My uncle gave me a gold chain.

v)  Intransitive Verbs do not take any Object.
     P. T. Usha runs very fast.


Verbs of Incomplete Predication

When a verb is used intransitively in certain cases - a word is required to make a complete sense - that   verb is called a verb of Incomplete Predication.

i)  That word which is required to make the sense complete is called Complement of the verb.
    The earth is round.
    In this sentence, the word 'round' is needed to get a complete sense.

ii) When the complement describes the subject, it is Subjective Complement.
    Ravi became a pilot.

iii) When the complement describes the Object, it is Objective Complement.
     God called the light "Day".

Strong And Weak Verbs

i)   Strong Verbs: Verbs which form their Past Tense by merely changing the inside Vowel of the Present        Tense.
    Come -  came; see - saw; write - wrote; begin - began.

ii)  Weak Verbs: Verbs which form their Past Tense by adding -ed, or -d, or -t to the Present Tense.
     Walk - walked; believe - believed; burn - burnt. 

iii)  Some Verbs which change the inside vowel and add -ed, or -d, or -t are also weak Verbs.
      Sell - sold; bring - brought; teach - taught.

iv)  Weak Verbs: Verbs that form their Past Tense by adding -ed, -d, -t to the Present, with or without           any inside vowel change, are called Weak Verbs.

v)   Strong Verbs: Verbs that form their Past Tense by merely changing the Vowel in the body of the          Present, without adding any ending are called Strong Verbs.
      Come - came; See - saw; Write - wrote.

vi)  Verbs ending in d, which change this final d to t in the Past Tense are Weak Verbs.
      Bend - bend; build - built; lend - lent; spend - spent.

vii)  Verbs ending in d or t, which simply shorten to the vowel sound in the past are Weak Verbs.
       Bleed - bled; feed - fed; lead - led; meet - met.

vii)  Verbs ending in d or t which have the same form in the Past Tense, are Weak Verbs.
       Cost, cut, put, set, hit, hurt.

ix)   Some Verbs have two forms, One Strong and One Weak.
       awake    -   awoke (awaked)      awaken (awaked)
       hang      -   hung (hanged)         hung (hanged)

Verbs & Tenses

  • Action is indicated by a Verb.  Any action is connected with a particular period of Time: Present, Past, or Future.  In order to communicate well, we have to learn the correct use of the Personal Pronouns, the different Verb Forms and Tense Forms.  Practice leads to perfection.  One has to substitute other verbs in the following Conjugations to become familiar with the right use of each of them.
  • Knowing more verbs will help the students to grasp what is told to them and express with ease what they want to say.  Here a List of Verbs, taken from the text books of L.K.G. to X std is given.
  • First Column: The Simple Form of the Verb is given.  This Form is used in Simple Tenses: Simple Present and Simple Future.  (V1) In the Simple Future Tense, will or shall is added.  So it becomes will accomplish or shall ccomplish.
  • Second Column: Very often mistakes are made with regard to the Third Person Singular in Simple Present.  Just to stress the importance of this Verb Form, the second column is inserted.  (Vs).  In the simple present tense alone the verb changes for the third person singular.
  • Third Column: Preent Participle is given.  This is used in all the Continuous Tenses: (V2)
  • Fourth Column: Past Tense is given.  This Verb is used only in the Simple Past Tense.  (V3)
  • Fifth Column: Past Participate is given.  This Verb Form is used in all the Perfect Tenses and in the Passive Voice.(V4)
  • Sixth Column: Meaning is given.

Verb Forms

  • In English there are five Verb forms: V1, Vs, V2, V3 and V4.
  • The Forms of the verb 'do' are: do - V1; does - Vs; did - V2; done - V3; doing - V4. 
  • The form V1 is used in the Simple Present and Simple Future Tenses.
  • The form Vs is used in the Third Person Singular of the Simple Present Tense.
  • The form V2 is used only in the Simple Past Tense.
  • The form V3 is used in the Perfect Tenses and in all the Passive Sentences.
  • The form V4 is used in all the Continous Tenses.

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