The AdjectiveAn Adjective is a word used to describe something about or attribute something to the meaning of the noun.
Kinds of Adjectives1.Adjectives of Quality (or Descriptive Adjectives) - show the kind or quality of a person or thing.
- He is a reliable person.
- Everyone likes Kashmir apples.
- Take great care of your health.
- You have learned many things.
- These grapes are sweet.
- Which way shall we go?
- Mind your own business.
- What a blessing!
- What a genius!
Comparison of AdjectivesTo answer the questions on Degrees of Comparison, one must know the different ways of forming the different Degrees.
There are three Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative and Superlative.
The Adjective is in its simple form without any change. At least One person or thing is needed.
- Anu is a tall girl.
The Adjective denotes a higher degree of the quality than the Positive but lesser degree than the Superlative. At least Two persons or things are needed.
- Bama is taller than Anu.
The Adjective denotes the highest degree of the quality. At least Three presons or things are needed.
- Chandra is the tallest of the three.
Ways of froming the Comparative and the Superlative
i) Most Adjectives of one syllable, and some of more than one syllable, form the Comparative by adding 'er' and the Superlative by adding 'est' to the Positive.
- Sweet, Sweeter, Sweetest.
- Brave, Braver, Bravest.
- Happy, Happier, Happiest.
- Gray, Grayer, Grayest.
- Big, Bigger, Biggest.
- Useful, More useful, Most useful.
- Good, Better, Best.
Changing the degrees of comparison without changing their meaningType I (No Superlative)
Positive: The sea is not so low as the land in Holland.
Comparative: The land is lower than the sea in Holland.
Here only two things are compared and so No Superlative is possible.
Type II (Absolute Type of Superlative)
Positive: No other boy in Holland was so brave as Peter.
Comparative: Peter was braver than any other boy in Holland.
Superlative: Peter was the bravest boy in Holland.
Type III (Relative Type of Superlative)
Positive: Very few heavenly bodies are as small as the earth.
Comparative: The earth is smaller than many other heavenly bodies.
Superlative: The earth is one of the smallest heavenly bodies.
In the Positive Degree, 'as.....as' or 'not so.....as' or 'No other.......is......as' is used.
- Kumar is as clever as Sekar.
- Coimbatore is not so cool as Ooty.
- No other profession is as noble as the teacher's.
- The earth is bigger than the moon.
- Mount Everest is higher than any other peak of the Himalayas.
- Bharathi is the greatest poet of Freedom.
EXERCISE - I
Write the comparative form of the adjectives given.
Example: An elephant is bigger than a lion. (big)
1. The Nile river is (1)__________than the Amazon. (long)
2. I'm (2)________than Kumar but (3)________than Sundar. (tall, short)
3. They're (4)________than us, but we're (5)________than them. (handsome, smart)
4. This book bag is (6)_________than that bag. (expensive)
5. This newspaper is (7)_________than that newspaper. (good)
6. Pepsi tastes (8)________than fruit juice. (bad)
7. Today is (9)_________than yesterday. (warm)
8. This TV programme is (10)________than the others. (interesting)
1. longer 2. taller 3. shorter 4. more handsome 5. smarter 6. more expensive 7. better 8. worse 9. warmer 10. more interesting
EXERCISE - II
Write the comparative or superlative form of the adjectives given.
Example: Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. (high)
1.The Nile river is (1)_________river in the world. (long)
2. Tyler is (2)________and (3)________person I know. (happy, kind)
3. The blue team got (4)________score and the red team got (5)________ (good, bad)
4. This is (6)________ticket to Singapore. (cheap)
5. Rajan is (7)________student in ur class. (hard-working)
6. This is (8)________movie in the world. (boring)
7. My sister is (9)________person in my family. (young)
8. The (10)_________word in English is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis. (long)
1. the longest 2. the happiest 3. the kindest 4. the best 5. the worst 6. the cheapest 7. the most hard-wroking 8. the most boring 9. the youngest 10. longest