0

The Adjective

An Adjective is a word used to describe something about or attribute something to the meaning of the noun.

Kinds of Adjectives

1.Adjectives of Quality (or Descriptive Adjectives) - show the kind or quality of a person or thing.
  • He is a reliable person.
2.Adjectives formed from Proper Nouns are sometimes called Proper Adjectives. 
  • Everyone likes Kashmir apples.
3.Adjectives of Quantity - show how much of a thing is meant.
  • Take great care of your health.
4.Adjectives of Number (or Numeral Adjectives) - show how many persons or things are meant - or   give  the order of the person or thing.
  • You have learned many things.
5.Demonstrative Adjectives - point out which person or thing is meant.
  • These grapes are sweet.
6.Interrogative Adjectives - are used with nouns to ask questions.
  • Which way shall we go?
7.Emphasizing Adjectives - are used to give stress.  Ex.  Own, Very.
  • Mind your own business.
8.Exclamatory Adjectives - are used to express strong feelings.
  • What a blessing!
  • What a genius!
Adjectives

 Comparison of Adjectives

To answer the questions on Degrees of Comparison, one must know the different ways of forming the different Degrees.

There are three Degrees of Comparison: Positive, Comparative and Superlative.

1.Positive
   The Adjective is in its simple form without any change.  At least One person or thing is needed.
  • Anu is a tall girl.
2.Comparative
   The Adjective denotes a higher degree of the quality than the Positive but lesser degree than the              Superlative.  At least Two persons or things are needed.
  • Bama is taller than Anu.
3.Superlative
   The Adjective denotes the highest degree of the quality.  At least Three presons or things are needed.
  • Chandra is the tallest of the three.

Ways of froming the Comparative and the Superlative 


i) Most Adjectives of one syllable, and some of more than one syllable, form the Comparative by adding  'er' and the Superlative by adding 'est' to the Positive.
  • Sweet, Sweeter, Sweetest.
ii) When the Positive ends in 'e', then only 'r' and 'st' are added respectively.
  • Brave, Braver, Bravest.
iii) When the Positive ends in 'y', preceded by a Consonant, then 'y' is removed, 'ier' and 'iest' are added respectively.
  • Happy, Happier, Happiest.
iv) When the Positive ends in 'y', preceded by a Vowel, then only 'er' and 'est' are added respectively.
  • Gray, Grayer, Grayest.
v) When the Positive is of Only One syllable and ends in a Single Consonant preceded by a short Vowel, the Consonant is doubled before adding 'er' and 'est'.
  • Big, Bigger, Biggest.
vi) Adjectives with Two or More syllables form the Comparative by adding the Adverb 'more' and the Superlative by adding 'most' to the Positive.
  • Useful, More useful, Most useful.
vii) Adjectives whose Comparative and Superlative are not formed from the Positive are called Irregular Adjectives.
  • Good, Better, Best.

Changing the degrees of comparison without changing their meaning

Type I (No Superlative)

Positive: The sea is not so low as the land in Holland.
Comparative: The land is lower than the sea in Holland.

Here only two things are compared and so No Superlative is possible.

Type II (Absolute Type of Superlative)

Positive: No other boy in Holland was so brave as Peter.
Comparative: Peter was braver than any other boy in Holland.
Superlative: Peter was the bravest boy in Holland.

Type III (Relative Type of Superlative)

Positive: Very few heavenly bodies are as small as the earth.
Comparative: The earth is smaller than many other heavenly bodies.
Superlative: The earth is one of the smallest heavenly bodies.

In the Positive Degree, 'as.....as' or 'not so.....as' or 'No other.......is......as' is used.
  1. Kumar is as clever as Sekar.
  2. Coimbatore is not so cool as Ooty.
  3. No other profession is as noble as the teacher's.
In the Comparative Degree, 'than' or 'than any other' is used.
  1. The earth is bigger than the moon.
  2. Mount Everest is higher than any other peak of the Himalayas.
In the Superlative, 'the' is used.
  1. Bharathi is the greatest poet of Freedom.

EXERCISE - I

Write the comparative form of the adjectives given.
Example: An elephant is bigger than a lion. (big)

1. The Nile river is (1)__________than the Amazon. (long)
2. I'm (2)________than Kumar but (3)________than Sundar. (tall, short)
3. They're (4)________than us, but we're (5)________than them. (handsome, smart)
4. This book bag is (6)_________than that bag. (expensive)
5. This newspaper is (7)_________than that newspaper. (good)
6. Pepsi tastes (8)________than fruit juice. (bad)
7. Today is (9)_________than yesterday. (warm)
8. This TV programme is (10)________than the others. (interesting)

Answers:

1. longer  2. taller  3. shorter  4. more handsome  5. smarter  6. more expensive  7. better  8. worse        9. warmer  10. more interesting


EXERCISE - II

Write the comparative or superlative form of the adjectives given.
Example: Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. (high)

1.The Nile river is (1)_________river in the world. (long)
2. Tyler is (2)________and (3)________person I know. (happy, kind)
3. The blue team got (4)________score and the red team got (5)________ (good, bad)
4. This is (6)________ticket to Singapore. (cheap)
5. Rajan is (7)________student in ur class. (hard-working)
6. This is (8)________movie in the world. (boring)
7. My sister is (9)________person in my family. (young)
8. The (10)_________word in English is pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis. (long)

Answers:

1. the longest  2. the happiest  3. the kindest  4. the best  5. the worst  6. the cheapest                            7. the most hard-wroking  8. the most boring  9. the youngest  10. longest

Next: Articles




Post a Comment

 
Top