Mood of the Verb
- Mood is the mode or manner in which the action denoted by the verb is represented.
- There are three moods in English.
- Indicative Mood
- Imperative Mood
- Subjunctive Mood
Indicative MoodA verb which makes a statement of fact or asks a question, or expresses supposition which is assured as a fact in the Indicative Mood.
- I write a letter to my friend every week.
- What is your name?
- If it rains, I shall stay at home.
Imperative MoodA verb which expresses a command, an exhortation, an entreaty or prayer is in the Imperative Mood.
- Open the door. (Command)
- Try to do better. (Exhortation)
- Please help me. (Entreaty)
- Give us this day our daily bread. (Prayer)
Subjunctive MoodA verb which expresses a wish or hope or intention or resolution in a dependant noun clause or a wish followed by an unreal or improbable situation or to show that it is already late or to indicate a preference is in the Subjunctive Mood.
- God bless you. (Wish)
- We recommend that students be given scholarship. (Resolution)
- I wish I were rich like Tata. (Unreal or Improbable)
- If I were you, I would not have done that. (Unreal)
- It is time we had started.
Next: The Adverb