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Mood of the Verb

  • Mood is the mode or manner in which the action denoted by the verb is represented.
  • There are three moods in English.
  1. Indicative Mood
  2. Imperative Mood
  3. Subjunctive Mood
Mood of the Verb

Indicative Mood

A verb which makes a statement of fact or asks a question, or expresses supposition which is assured as a fact in the Indicative Mood.
  • I write a letter to my friend every week.
  • What is your name?
  • If it rains, I shall stay at home.

Imperative Mood

A verb which expresses a command, an exhortation, an entreaty or prayer is in the Imperative Mood.
  • Open the door. (Command)
  • Try to do better. (Exhortation)
  • Please help me. (Entreaty)
  • Give us this day our daily bread. (Prayer)

Subjunctive Mood

A verb which expresses a wish or hope or intention or resolution in a dependant noun clause or a wish followed by an unreal or improbable situation or to show that it is already late or to indicate a preference is in the Subjunctive Mood.
  • God bless you. (Wish)
  • We recommend that students be given scholarship. (Resolution)
  • I wish I were rich like Tata. (Unreal or Improbable)
  • If I were you, I would not have done that. (Unreal)
  • It is time we had started.  
Next: The Adverb

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