0

Doing

A) ACTIVE VOICE

Doing {Active Voice}

Simple Tense

Simple Present Tense

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I do
  2. You do
  3. He does
  4. She does
  5. It does
  6. We do
  7. You do
  8. They do
Ramesh writes a letter to his mother every week.

The Simple Present is used:

1. To ecpress a habitual action:
    I get up every day at five O'clock.

2. To express general truths:
    The sun roses in the east.
    The moon goes around the sun.
    One reaps what one sows.
    Some birds migrate and some hibernate when the weather turns cold.

3. In vivid narratives, as a substitute for the Simple Past:
   Sohrab now rushes forward and deals a heavy a blow to Rustum.

4. To indicate a future event which is part of a plan:
    We go to Mumbai next week.

EXERCISE - I

Write the correct for of the verb into the gaps like in the example.  Use Simple Present.
Example: I swim - she_________
Answer : I swim - she swims
                                                                         Answers:
  1. I sing - she_________                    1. I sing - she sings
  2. I play - she_________                    2. I play - she plays
  3. I read - she_________                    3. I read - she reads
  4. I go - she_________                       4. I go - she goes
  5. I ask - she_________                      5. I ask - she asks
  6. I carry - she_________                   6. I carry - she carries
  7. I say - she_________                      7. I say - she says
  8. I wish - she_________                    8. I wish - she wishes
  9. I call - she_________                      9. I call - she calls
  10. I cry - she_________                     10. I cry - she cries
EXERCISE - II

Finish the sentences like in the example.
Example: Jane_________. (to read a book)
Answer : Jane reads a book.
  1. Selvam and Praveen_________. (to swim in the lake)
  2. Tom_________. (to collect stamps)
  3. You_________. (to sing in the bathroom)
  4. Sonali_________. (to work in garden)
  5. I_________. (to sit at home)
  6. Rani and Vani_________. (to open the windows)
  7. Viswanathan_________. (to speak Tamil and Hindi)
  8. His sister_________. (to like lemonade)
  9. We_________. (to listen to music)
  10. My father_________. (to clean the car every Saturday)
Answers:
  1. Selvam and Praveen swin in the lake.
  2. Tom collects stamps.
  3. You sing songs in the bathroom.
  4. Sonali works in the garden.
  5. I sit at home.
  6. Rani and Vani open the windows.
  7. Viswanathan speaks Tamil and Hindi.
  8. His sister likes lemonade.
  9. We listen to music.
  10. My father cleans the car every Saturday.
EXERCISE - II

Finish the sentences like in the example.
Example: Jane_________. (to read a book)
Answer : Jane reads a book.
  1. We_________. (to play handball in a team)
  2. Laura_________. (to wash the family car)
  3. Mark_________. (to do his homework)
  4. Susan and Jerry_________. (to watch TV)
  5. They_________. (to wake up at 6.30)
  6. You_________. (to go to school)
  7. Mrs. Raghu_________. (to carry a big box)
  8. My brother_________. (to teach English)
  9. The teachers_________. (to tell stories)
  10. Dennis_________. (to fly in a plane)
Answers:
  1. We play handball in a team.
  2. Laura washes the family car.
  3. Mark does his homework.
  4. Susan and Jerry watch TV.
  5. They wake up at 6.30.
  6. You go to school.
  7. Mrs. Raghu carries a big box.
  8. My brother teaches English.
  9. The teacher tell stories.
  10. Dennis flies in a plane.

Negative Sentence

  1. I do not do
  2. You do not do
  3. He does not do
  4. She does not do
  5. It does not do
  6. We do not do
  7. You do not do
  8. They do not do
EXERCISE - I

Negate the given sentences.  Write the negative form of the verbs into the gaps.  You can use long forms of the auxiliaries as well as short / contracted forms.
Example: Tom writes a letter.
Answer : Tom does not write a letter.  or Tom doesn't write a letter.

  1. They play volleyball every week.                                - They_________volleyball every week.
  2. He watches TV.                                                         - He_________TV.
  3. This car makes a lot of noise.                                     - This car_________a lot of noise.        
  4. I like computer games.                                               -  I_________computer games.         
  5. You wear pullovers.                                                   - You_________pullovers.                    
  6. They speak English.                                                   - They_________English.          
  7. Sue does the housework every Thursday.                   -  Sue____the housework every Thursday                           
  8. The boy has two rabbits.                                            - The boy_________two rabbits.
Answers:
  1. They do not play volleyball every week.                      They don't play volleyball every week.
  2. He does not watch TV.                                               He doesn't watch TV.
  3. This car does not make a lot of noise.                         This cardoesn't make a lot of noise.        
  4. Ido not like computer games.                                       I dont' like computer games.         
  5. You do not wear pullovers.                                         You don't wear pullovers.                    
  6. They do not speak English.                                         They don't speak English.          
  7. Sue does not do the housework every Thursday.          Sue doesn't do the housework every Thursday                                
  8. The boy does not have two rabbits.                             The boy doesn't have two rabbits.
EXERCISE - II

Negate the given sentences.  Write the negative form of the verbs into the gaps.  You can use long forms of the auxiliaries as well as short / contracted forms.
Example: Tom writes a letter.
Answer : Tom does not write a letter.  or Tom doesn't write a letter.
  1. She feeds the animals.                                -   She_________the animals.
  2. Lessons finish at 3 o'clock.                        -   Lessons _________at 3 o'clock.         
  3. I have lunch at school.                                -   I _________lunch at school.      
  4. We take photos.                                          -  We _________photos.
  5. He listens to music all day long.                  -   He ______to music all day long.          
  6. Simon reads a lot of comics.                      -   Simon _________a lot of comics.    
  7. The dog runs after the cat.                          -   The dog _________after the cat.  
Answers:
  1. She does not feed the animals.                   She doesn't feed the animals.                
  2. Lessons do not finish at 3 o'clock.             Lessons don't finish at 3 o'clock.                 
  3. I do not have lunch at school.                     I don't have lunch at school.              
  4. We do not take photos.                             We don't take photos.               
  5. He does not listen to music all day long.     He doesn't listen to music all day long.                         
  6. Simon does not read a lot of comics.         Simon doesn't read a lot of comics.  
  7. The dog does not run after the cat.             The dog doesn't run after the cat. 
EXERCISE - III

Negate the given sentences.  Write the negative form of the verbs into the gaps.  You can use long forms of the auxiliaries.
Example: Tom writes a letter.
Answer : Tom does not write a letter.  or Tom doesn't write a letter.
  1. Marie does judo.                         -    Marie_________judo.
  2. The dog always barks.                -    The dog_________.           
  3. We live in a small house.              -   We_________in a small house.                         
  4. I have coffee for breakfast.          -    I_________coffee for breakfast.                          
  5. She know the answer.                  -   She_________the answer.                  
  6. Water boils at 90 C.                     -   Water_________at 90 C.                     
  7. My brother works in a cafe.          -   My brother_________in a cafe.                      
  8. I remember Bill quite well.            -    I_________Bill quite well.       
Answers:
  1. Marie does judo.                             Marie does not do judo.         
  2. The dog always barks.                    The dog does not always barks.             
  3. We live in a small house.                 We do not live in a small house.                                              
  4. I have coffee for breakfast.              I do not have coffee for breakfast.                      
  5. She knows the answer.                    She does not know the answer.              
  6. Water boils at 90 C.                        Water does not boil at 90 C.                          
  7. My brother works in a cafe.             My brother does not work in a cafe.                    
  8. I remember Bill quite well.                I do not remember Bill quite well.

Question

  1. Do I do?
  2. Do you do?
  3. Does he do?
  4. Does she do?
  5. Does it do?
  6. Do we do?
  7. Do you do?
  8. Do they do?
EXERCISE - I

Fill in Do or Does into the gaps
  1. _________Peter live with his father?
  2. _________you learn Telugu?
  3. _________Suresh and Ramesh ride their bikes to school?
  4. _________they work in the garden?
  5. _________Rupa's parrot live in a cage?
  6. _________the cats sit on the wall?
  7. _________we sit in the front of the computer?
  8. _________you play the drums?
  9. _________Sarath wear pullovers?
  10. _________I clean the bathroom?
Answers:
  1. Does Peter live with his father?
  2. Do you learn Telugu?
  3. Do Suresh and Ramesh ride their bikes to school?
  4. Do they work in the garden?
  5. Does Rupa's parrot live in a cage?
  6. Do the cats sit on the wall?
  7. Do we sit in the front of the computer?
  8. Do you play the drums?
  9. Does Sarath wear pullovers?
  10. Do I clean the bathroom?
EXERCISE - II

Fill in Do or Does into the gaps.
  1. _________you write with a pencil?
  2. _________your father make breakfast?
  3. _________your teachers check the homework?
  4. _________you and your sister feed the pets?
  5. _________you send text messages?
  6. _________your friend visit museums?
  7. _________your cats climb trees?
  8. _________you learn to cook at school?
  9. _________your sister play badminton?
  10. _________your grandparents go on holiday?
Answers:
  1. Do you write with a pencil?
  2. Does your father make breakfast?
  3. Do your teachers check the homework?
  4. Do you and your sister feed the pets?
  5. Do you send text messages?
  6. Does your friend visit museums?
  7. Do your cats climb trees?
  8. Do you learn to cook at school?
  9. Does your sister play badminton?
  10. Do your grandparents go on holiday?
EXERCISE - III

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  USe Simple Present.  Watch the example below.
Example: _________she_________books? (to read)
Answer : Does she read books?
  1. _________the cat_________on the wall? (to sit)
  2. _________Anisha_________computer games? (to play)
  3. _________you_________a ball? (to throw)
  4. _________Guna_________a meuseum? (to visit)
  5. _________Malar_________in the garden? (to work)
  6. _________Veena_________a friend? (to phone)
  7. _________Janci and Sudha_________the pets? (to feed)
  8. _________they_________karate? (to do)
  9. _________you_________mineral water? (to drink)
  10. _________your teacher_________the homework? (to check)
Answers:
  1. Does the cat sit on the wall?
  2. Does Anisha play computer games?
  3. Do you throw a ball?
  4. Does Guna visit a meuseum?
  5. Does Malar work in the garden?
  6. Does Veena phone a friend?
  7. Do Janci and Sudha feed the pets?
  8. Do they do karate?
  9. Do you drink mineral water?
  10. Does your teacher check the homework?
EXERCISE - IV

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  Use Simple Present.  Watch the example below.
Example: _________books? (she / to read)
Answer : Does she read books?
  1. _________after the cats? (dogs/to run)
  2. _________photos when you are on holiday? (you/to take)
  3. _________a cup of tea? (often/to have)
  4. _________text messages during the lessons? (Pooja/to send)
  5. _________pullovers? (Gomathi and Geetha/to wear)
  6. _________hello to people in the street? (your brother/to say)
  7. _________the windows in your classroom? (the teacher/to open)
  8. _________chess? (the girls in your class/to play)
  9. _________breakfast every morning? (your mother/to make)
  10. _________music in the evenings? (Sekar/to listen to)
Answers:
  1. Do dogs run after the cats?
  2. Do you take photos when you are on holiday?
  3. Do the ladies often have a cup of tea?
  4. Does Pooja send text messages during the lessons?
  5. Do Gomathi and Geetha wear pullovers?
  6. Does your brother say hello to people inthe street?
  7. Does the teacher open the windows in your classroom?
  8. Do the girls in your class play chess?
  9. Does your mother make breakfast every morning?
  10. Does Sekar listen to music in the evenings?

Negative Question

  1. Do I not do?
  2. Do you not do?
  3. Does he not do?
  4. Does she not do?
  5. Does it not do?
  6. Do we not do?
  7. Do you not do?
  8. Do they not do?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you do.
  2. Yes, I do.
  3. Yes, he does.
  4. Yes, she does.
  5. Yes, it does.
  6. Yes, you do.
  7. Yes, we do.
  8. Yes, they do.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you do not do.
  2. No, I do not do.
  3. No, he does not do.
  4. No, she does not do.
  5. No, it does not do.
  6. No, you do not do.
  7. No, we do not do. 
  8. No, they do not do.

Using Question words

  1. Why do I eat?
  2. You eat to get strength.
  3. Where do you go?
  4. I go to Chennai.
  5. Whom does he love?
  6. He loves Kamala.
  7. How does she sing?
  8. She sings very well.
  9. What does it do?
  10. It sleeps.
  11. For whom do we live?
  12. You live for others.
  13. To whom do you give?
  14. We give to the children.
  15. When do they study?
  16. They study in the morning.

Simple Past Tense

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I did
  2. You did
  3. He did
  4. She did
  5. It did
  6. We did
  7. You did
  8. They did
Ramesh wrote a letter to his mother every week.

The Simple Past is used:

1. To indicate an action completed in the past:
    She left school last year.
    My father sold his car last week.
    Peter lay cramped when his rescuer saw him.

2. To express the past habits:
    Peter went to see his grandmother every Sunday.
    She always carried an umbrella.

EXERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.  Use Simple Past.
Example: Tom_________football. (to play)
Answer : Tom played football.
  1. Vanaja_________a film. (to watch)
  2. He_________a box. (to carry)
  3. They_________their father. (to help)
  4. Raghu and Revathi_________gift. (to exchange)
  5. I_________to Maran. (to talk)
  6. Mala_________with Kala. (to dance)
  7. The boys_________basketball. (to try)
  8. We_________a trip. (to plan)
  9. She_________her hair. (to wash)
  10. The car_________at the traffic lights. (to stop)
Answers: 1. watched  2. carried  3. helped  4. exchanged  5. talked  6. danced  7. tried  8. planned          9. washed  10. stopped

EXERCISE - II

Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.  Use Simple Past.
  1. I (put)_________the groceries on the kitchen counter.
  2. Mrs. Catherine (teach)_________at the same school for 20 years.
  3. It (rain)_________so much that the river flooded into the town.
  4. We (forget)_________that it was my youngest nephew's birthday.
  5. Ashok (catch)_________a cold, so he's going to bed early tonight.
  6. Mr. Baskar (buy)_________an expensive new automobile for his wife.
  7. When he was younger, my father (work)_________in a bank.
  8. After the ducks (bathe)_________in the pond, they flapped their wings to dry off.
  9. Chitra blew out the candles on her bithday cake and (wish)_________for a pony.
  10. Ms. Ali (become)_________president after an election in 1997 that formally ended the war.
Answers: 1. put  2. taught  3. rained  4. forgot  5. caught  6. bought  7. worked  8. bathed  9. wished     10. became

EXERCISE - III

Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.  Use Simple Past.
Example: Tom_________football. (to play)
Answer : Tom played football.
  1. Last summer I_________to Ooty. (to go)
  2. Yesterday Abdul_________football in his team. (to play)
  3. Jenny_________a film about dogs. (to watch)
  4. On Friday last week Vinodh and Ram_________the family car. (to wash)
  5. I_________my homeword inthe afternoon. ( to do)
  6. In 2001 our class_________a trip to Simla. (to make)
  7. Sathish_________nothing to me. (to say)
  8. The weather_________us to enjoy the day. (helped)
Answers: 1. went  2. played  3. watched  4. washed  5. did  6. made  7. said  8. helped

Negative Sentence

  1. I did not do
  2. You did not do
  3. He did not do
  4. She did not do
  5. It did not do
  6. We did not do
  7. You did not do
  8. They did not do
EXERCISE - I

Negate the given sentences.  Write the negative forms of the verbs into the gaps.  You can use the contracted forms.
Example: I listened to music. - I_________to music.
Answer : I listened to music. - Ididn,t listen to music.
  1. He played handball.                                         He_________handball.
  2. I made the beds.                                              I_________the beds.   
  3. They cleaned the classroom.                            They_________the classroom.                      
  4. She asked a lot of questions.                            She_________a lot of questions.                       
  5. We went shopping.                                          We_________shopping.          
  6. I met Sophia last weekend.                               I_________Sophia last weekend.               
  7. You built a house.                                            You _________a house.      
  8. She waited in the kitchen.                                 She _________in the kitchen.                     
  9. They bought a new computer.                          They_________a new computer.                          
  10. He got a new mobile.                                       He_________a new mobile.
Answers:
  1. He didn't play handball.                                      
  2. I didn't make the beds.         
  3. They didn't clean the classroom.
  4. She didn't ask a lot of questions.
  5. We didn't go shopping.
  6. I didn't meet Sofia last weekend.
  7. You didn't build a house.
  8. She didn't wait in the kitchen.
  9. They didn't buy a new computer.
  10. He didn't get a new mobile.
EXERCISE - II

Negate the given sentences.  Write the negative forms of the verbs into the gaps.  You can use long forms.
Example: Tom wrote a letter.
Answer : Tom did not write a letter.
  1. Andy bought a new shirt.                       Andy _________a new shirt.
  2. They went shopping last Friday.             They _________shopping last Friday.                 
  3. She had a bth in the morning.                 She _________a bth in the morning.    
  4. We felt very cold in Kodaikanal.             We _________very cold in Kodaikanal.                    
  5. The students sat down.                          The students _________down.       
  6. Marie ran home.                                    Marie _________home.
  7. The managers shook hands on the deal. The managers _____hands on the deal.                                     
  8. William rode a horse.                            William _________a horse.                    
  9. The nurse took Peter's temperature.       The nurse _________Peter's temperature.                               
  10. I understood what the teacher said.        I ___what the teacher said.                                     
 Answers:
  1. Andy did not buy a new shirt.
  2. They did not go shopping last Friday.
  3. She did not have a bth in the morning.
  4. We did not feel very cold in Kodaikanal.
  5. The students did not sit down.
  6. Marie did not run home.
  7. The managers did not shake hands on the deal.
  8. William did not ride a horse.
  9. The nurse did not take Peter's temperature.
  10. I did not understand what the teacher said.

Question

  1. Did I do?
  2. Did you do?
  3. Did he do?
  4. Did she do?
  5. Did it do?
  6. Did we do?
  7. Did you do?
  8. Did they do?
EXERCISE - I

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  Use Simple Past.  Watch the example below.
Example: _________she_________books? (to read)
Answer : Did she read books?
  1. _________the cat_________on the wall? (to sit)
  2. _________Kannan_________computer games? (to play)
  3. _________you_________a ball? (to throw)
  4. _________Muthu_________a meuseum? (to visit)
  5. _________Vasu_________in the garden? (to work)
  6. _________Olivia_________a friend? (to phone)
  7. _________Rama and Meena_________the pets? (to feed)
  8. _________they_________karate? (to do)
  9. _________you_________mineral water? (to drink)
  10. _________your teacher_________the homework? (to check)
Answers:
  1. Did the cat sit on the wall?
  2. Did Kannan play computer games?
  3. Did you throw a ball?
  4. Did Muthu visit a meuseum?
  5. Did Vasu work in the garden?
  6. Did Olivia phone a friend?
  7. Did Rama and Meena feed the pets?
  8. Did they do karate?
  9. Did you drink mineral water?
  10. Did your teacher check the homework?
EXERCISE - II

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  Use Simple Pastt.  Watch the example below.
Example: _________she_________books? (she/to read)
Answer : Did she read books?
  1. _________after the cats? (dogs/to run)
  2. _________photos when you were on holiday? (you/to take)
  3. _________a cup of tea in the cafe`? (the ladies/to have)
  4. _________text messages during the French lessons? (Nancy/to send)
  5. _________pullovers last Friday? (Melissa and Ruth/to wear)
  6. _________hello to people in the street? (your brother/to say)
  7. _________the windows in your classroom? (the teacher/to open)
  8. _________chess two weeks ago? (the girls in your class/to play)
  9. _________breakfast last morning? (your mother/to make)
  10. _________music yesterday evening? (Steven/to listen to)
Answers:
  1. Did dogs run after the cats?
  2. Did you take photos when you were on holiday?
  3. Did the ladies have a cup of tea in the cafe`?
  4. Did Nancy send text messages during the French lessons?
  5. Did Melissa and Ruth wear pullovers last Friday?
  6. Did your brother say hello to people in the street?
  7. Did the teacher open the windows in your classroom?
  8. Did the girls in your class play chess two weeks ago?
  9. Did your mother make breakfast last morning?
  10. Did Steven listen to music yesterday evening?

Negative Question

  1. Did I not do?
  2. Did you not do?
  3. Did he not do?
  4. Did she not do?
  5. Did it not do?
  6. Did we not do?
  7. Did you not do?
  8. Did they not do?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you did.
  2. Yes, I did.
  3. Yes, he did.
  4. Yes, she did.
  5. Yes, it did.
  6. Yes, you did.
  7. Yes, we did.
  8. Yes, they did.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you did not do.
  2. No, I did not do.
  3. No, he did not do.
  4. No, she did not do.
  5. No, it did not do.
  6. No, you did not do.
  7. No, we did not do. 
  8. No, they did not do.

Using Question words

  1. Why did I eat?
  2. You ate to get strength.
  3. Where did you go?
  4. I went to Chennai.
  5. Whom did he love?
  6. He loved Kamala.
  7. How did she sing?
  8. She sang very well.
  9. What did it do?
  10. It slept.
  11. For whom did we live?
  12. You lived for others.
  13. To whom did you give?
  14. We gave to the children.
  15. When did they study?
  16. They studied in the morning.

Future Tense

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I will do                           I shall do   
  2. You will do                      You shall do           
  3. He will do                        He shall do    
  4. She will do                       She shall do                   
  5. It will do                          It shall do            
  6. We will do                       We shall do               
  7. You will do                      You shall do              
  8. They will do                     They shall do
Ramesh will write a letter to his mother every week.

The Simle Future is used:

To indicate an action that has still to happen:
I shall see him tomorrow.
We will celebrate our jubilee year in 2005.
My uncle will come to our house next week.

EXERCISE - 1

Write the correct forms of the verb into the gaps.  Use Simple Future.  Watch the example below.
Example: Reena_________the first prize. (to get)
Answer : Reena will get the first prize.
  1. Tomorrow it_________in the North. (to rain)
  2. My friend_________12 next Wednesday. (to be)
  3. The pupils_________good marks in the test. (to get)
  4. My father_________to work hard tonight. (to have)
  5. Our class_________in a quiz show. (to take part)
  6. Lots of accidents_________in that weather. (to happen)
  7. I_________you tonight. (to see)
  8. The people_________lots of cheap clothes. (to buy)
Answers:               
  1. Tomorrow it will rain in the North.
  2. My friend will be 12 next Wednesday.
  3. The pupils will get good marks in the test.
  4. My father will have to work hard tonight.
  5. Our class will take part in a quiz show.
  6. Lots of accidents will happen in that weather.   
  7. I will see you tonight.
  8. The people will buy lots of cheap clothes.
EXERCISE - II

Complete the questions using (a) will or (b) shall.
  1. _________I be able to see my house from the plane?
  2. _________I carry that suitcase for you? It looks heavy!
  3. _________we have enough money to support ourselves?
  4. _________Leema and Charles have Christmas dinner with their parents?
  5. _________we call it a day and continue working on the project tomorrow?
  6. _________I have any problems accessing my account information over the Internet?                        
  7. _________Mr. Dinesh be here soon? I need to talk to him about the Sudarsan contract.
  8. _________we just tell Ms. Chandra the truth? Someone is bound to tell her if we dont't.
  9. _________I get you something warm to drink, like a cup of tea or a bowl of chicken soup?
  10. _________we need to buy any additional software if we link our server with other servers on the Internet?
Answers: 1. a  2. b  3. a  4. a  5. b  6. a  7. a  8. b  9. b  10. a

Simple Future Tense

Negative Sentence

  1. I will not do                           
  2. You will not do                        
  3. He will not do             
  4. She will not do                        
  5. It will not do                       
  6. We will not do                             
  7. You will not do                                 
  8. They will not do

Question

  1. Will I do?
  2. Will you do?
  3. Will he do?
  4. Will she do?
  5. Will it do?
  6. Will we do?
  7. Will you do?
  8. Will they do?

Negative Question

  1. Will I not do?
  2. Will you not do?
  3. Will he not do?
  4. Will she not do?
  5. Will it not do?
  6. Will we not do?
  7. Will you not do?
  8. Will they not do?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you will do.
  2. Yes, I will do.
  3. Yes, he will do.
  4. Yes, she will do.
  5. Yes, it will do.
  6. Yes, you will do.
  7. Yes, we will do.
  8. Yes, they will do.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you will not do.
  2. No, I will not do.
  3. No, he will not do.
  4. No, she will not do.
  5. No, it will not do.
  6. No, you will not do.
  7. No, we will not do.
  8. No, they will not do.

Using Question Words

  1. Why will I eat?
  2. You will eat to get strength.
  3. Where will you go?
  4. I will go to Chennai.
  5. Whom will he love?
  6. He will love Kamala.
  7. How will she sing?
  8. She will sing very well.
  9. What will it do?
  10. It will sleep.
  11. For whom will we live?
  12. You will live for others.
  13. To whom will you give?
  14. We will give to the children.
  15. When will they study?
  16. They will study in the morning.

Continuous Tenses

Present Continuous Tense

Introductory Conjugation

Being: Present Tense

  1. I am
  2. You are
  3. He is
  4. She is
  5. It is
  6. We are
  7. You are
  8. They are
Here if the word 'doing' is added to the sentence of Being: 'I am', it becomes a sentence of Doing: 'I am doing'

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I am doing.
  2. You are doing.
  3. He is doing.
  4. She is doing.
  5. It is doing.
  6. We are doing.
  7. You are doing.
  8. They are doing.
Ramesh is writing a letter to his mother every week.

The Present Continous is used:

To indicate an action that is going on at the time of speaking:
He is writing.

To indicate a temporary action that may not be happening at the time of speaking:
She is reading the Bhagavat Gita.

To indicate an action that is planned to take place in the near future:
My aunt is arriving tomorrow.

EXEERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in brackets in their correct forms into the gaps.
Example: We________(to go) to the cinema now.
Answer : We are going to the cinema now.
  1. Sunil and Madhu________the kitchen. (to clean)
  2. I________a book at the moment. (to read)
  3. It________now. (to rain)
  4. We________a new song. (to sing)
  5. The children________TV. (to watch)
  6. My pets________now. (to sleep)
  7. Aunt Ezhil________the ducks. (to feed)
  8. Our friends________their rucksacks. (to pack)
Answers:
  1. Sunil and Madhu are cleaning the kitchen.
  2. I am reading a book at the moment.
  3. It is raining now.
  4. We are singing a new song.
  5. The children are watching TV.
  6. My pets are sleeping now.
  7. Aunt Ezhil is feeding the ducks.
  8. Our friends are packing their rucksacks.

Negative Sentence

  1. I am not doing.
  2. You are not doing.
  3. He is not doing.
  4. She is not doing.
  5. It is not doing.
  6. We are not doing.
  7. You are not doing.
  8. They are not doing.
EXERCISE - II

Finish the sentences like in the example.
Example: Banu is not reading a book.
Answer : Banu is not reading a book.
  1. Banu________. (not / to watch a film)
  2. We________. (not / to buy a new house)
  3. They________. (not / to play chess)
  4. Peter________. (not / to feed his dog)
  5. Mary________. (not / to wash her hair)
  6. Malliga and Susee________. (not / to help their father)
  7. You________. (not / to learn the poem)
  8. Sathya________. (not / to draw a picture)
  9. Sibi and Yazhini________. (not / to sing a song)
  10. I________. (not / to talk to John)
Answers:
  1. Banu is not watching a film.
  2. We are not buying a new house.
  3. They are not playing chess.
  4. Peter is not feeding his dog.
  5. Mary is not washing her hair.
  6. Malliga and Suse are not helping their father.
  7. You are not learning the poem.
  8. Sathya is not drawing a picture.
  9. Sibi and Yazhini are not singing a song.
  10. I am not talking to John.

Question

  1. Am I doing?
  2. Are you doing?
  3. Is he doing?
  4. Is she doing?
  5. Is it doing?
  6. Are we doing?
  7. Are you doing?
  8. Are they doing?
EXERCISE - I

Complete the sentences with the Present Continous Tense of the given verbs.
Example: He is eating an apple. (eat)
  1. She________a book. (read)
  2. What________? (she/do)
  3. I________a letter. (write)
  4. The sun________. (shine)
  5. The children________in the park. (run)
  6. We________breakfast. (eat)
  7. He________to work today. (not / come)
  8. How________? (you / do)
  9. How's the weather? It________. (rain)
  10. You________English. (study)
Answers:
1. is reading  2. is she doing  3. am waiting  4. is shining  5. are running  6. are eating  7. is not coming     8. are you doing  9. is raining  10. are studying

EXERCISE - II

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  Use Present Continuous.  Watch the example below.
Example: ________she________books? (to read)
Answer  : Is she reading books?
  1. ________Saranya ________out a book? (to take)
  2. ________Vijay________on the computer? (to work)
  3. ________the friends________home from school? (to come)
  4. ________you________to music? (to listen)
  5. ________Nathan________at a picture? (to look)
  6. ________Kaviya and Oviya________her friend? (to phone)
  7. ________the girl________the windows? (to open)
  8. ________she________judo? (to do)
  9. ________James________the bike? (to repair)
  10. ________Renuga________with the cooking? (to help)
Answers:
  1. Is Saranya  taking out a book?
  2. Is Vijay working on the computer?
  3. Are the friends coming home from school?
  4. Are you listening to music?
  5. Is Nathan looking at a picture?
  6. Are Kaviya and Oviya phoning her friend?
  7. Is the girl opening the windows?
  8. Is she doing judo?
  9. Is James repairing the bike?
  10. Is Renuga helping with the cooking?

Negative Question

  1. Am I not doing?
  2. Are you not doing?
  3. Is he not doing?
  4. Is she not doing?
  5. Is it not doing?
  6. Are we not doing?
  7. Are you not doing?
  8. Are they not doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, I am doing.
  2. Yes, you are doing.
  3. Yes, he is doing. 
  4. Yes, she is doing.
  5. Yes, it is doing. 
  6. Yes, we are doing.
  7. Yes, you are doing. 
  8. Yes, they are doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, I am not doing.
  2. No, you are not doing.
  3. No, he is not doing. 
  4. No, she is not doing.
  5. No, it is not doing. 
  6. No, we are not doing.
  7. No, you are not doing. 
  8. No, they are not doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why am I eating?
  2. You are eating to get strength.
  3. Where are you going?
  4. I am going to Chennai.
  5. Whom is he loving?
  6. He is loving Kamala.
  7. How is she singing?
  8. She is singing very well.
  9. What is it doing?
  10. It is sleeping.
  11. For whom are we living?
  12. You are living for others.
  13. To whom are you giving?
  14. We are giving to the children.
  15. When are they studying?
  16. They are studying in the morning.

Past Continuous Tense

Introductory Conjugation

Being: Past Tense

  1. I was
  2. You were
  3. He was
  4. She was
  5. It was
  6. We were
  7. You were
  8. They were

Here if the word 'doing' is added to the sentence of Being: 'I was'. it becomes a sentence of Doing: 'I was doing'

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I was doing.
  2. You were doing.
  3. He was doing.
  4. She was doing.
  5. It was doing.
  6. We were doing.
  7. You were doing.
  8. They were doing.
Ramesh was writting a letter to his mother every week.

To indicate an action which continued for some time int he past:
He was sleeping in the afternoon.
When I got home my mother was sitting at the door waiting for me.

Negative Sentence

  1. I was not doing.
  2. You were not doing.
  3. He was not doing.
  4. She was not doing.
  5. It was not doing.
  6. We were not doing.
  7. You were not doing.
  8. They were not doing.

Question

  1. Was I doing?
  2. Were you doing?
  3. Was he doing?
  4. Was she doing?
  5. Was it doing?
  6. Were we doing?
  7. Were you doing?
  8. Were they doing?
EXERCISE - I

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  Use Past Continuous.  Watch the example below.
Example: ________she________books? (to read) 
Answer : Was she reading books?
  1. ________Mala________out a book? (to take)
  2. ________Asha________on the computer? (to work)
  3. ________the friends________home from school? (to come)
  4. ________you________to music? (to listen)
  5. ________Naresh________at a picture? (to look)
  6. ________Kayalvizhi and Kanmani________her friend? (to phone)
  7. ________the girl________the windows? (to open)
  8. ________she________judo? (to do)
  9. ________James________the bike? (to repair)
  10. ________Muthu________with the cooking? (to help)
Answers:
  1. Was Mala taking out a book?
  2. Was Asha working on the computer?
  3. Were the friends coming home from school?
  4. Were you listening to music?
  5. Was Naresh looking at a picture?
  6. Were Kayalvizhi and Kanmani phoning her friend?
  7. Was the girl opening the windows?
  8. Was she doing judo?
  9. Was James repairing the bike?
  10. Was Muthu helping with the cooking?
EXERCISE - II

Write the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps.  Use the Past Continuous.  Watch the example below:
Example: ________a book? (to read)
Answer : Was she reading a book?
  1. ________the museum? (she / to visit)
  2. ________with a pencil? (you / to write)
  3. ________comics? (the boys / to read)
  4. ________at pictures? (they / to look)
  5. ________photos? (Helen and Anne / to take)
  6. ________a lot of noise? (your brother / to make)
  7. ________the classroom? (the treacher / to leave)
  8. ________text messages? (the girls / to send)
  9. ________under the tree? (the dog / to sit)
  10. ________questions? (Rani / to ask)
Answers:
  1. Was she visiting the museum?
  2. Were you writing with a pencil?
  3. Were the boys reading comics?
  4. Were they looking at pictures?
  5. Were Helen and Anne taking photos?
  6. Was your brother making a lot of noise?
  7. Was the teacher leaving the classroom?
  8. Were the girls sending text messages?
  9. Was the dog sitting under the tree?
  10. Was Rani asking questions?

Negative Question

  1. Was I not doing?
  2. Were you not doing?
  3. Was he not doing?
  4. Was she not doing?
  5. Was it not doing?
  6. Were we not doing?
  7. Were you not doing?
  8. Were they not doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, I was doing.
  2. Yes, you were doing.
  3. Yes, he was doing.
  4. Yes, she was doing.
  5. Yes, it was doing.
  6. Yes, we were doing.
  7. Yes, you were doing.
  8. Yes, they were doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, I was not doing.
  2. No, you were not doing.
  3. No, he was not doing.
  4. No, she was not doing.
  5. No, it was not doing.
  6. No, we were not doing.
  7. No, you were not doing.
  8. No, they were not doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why I was eating?
  2. You were eating to get strength.
  3. Where were you going?
  4. I was going to Chennai.
  5. Whom was he loving?
  6. He was loving Kamala.
  7. How was she singing?
  8. She was singing very well.
  9. What was it doing?
  10. It was sleeping.
  11. For whom were we living?
  12. You were living for others.
  13. To whom were you giving?
  14. We were giving to the children.
  15. When were they studying?
  16. They were studying in the morning.

Future Continuous Tense

Introductory Conjugation

Being: Future Tense

  1. I will be
  2. You will be
  3. He will be
  4. She will be
  5. It will be
  6. We will be
  7. You will be
  8. They will be
Here if the word 'doing' is added to the sentence of Being: 'I will be', it becomes a sentence of Doing: 'I will be doing'

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I will be doing.
  2. You will be doing.
  3. He will be doing.
  4. She will be doing.
  5. It will be doing.
  6. We will be doing.
  7. You will be doing.
  8. They will be doing.
Ramesh will be writing a letter to his mother every week.

The Future Continuous is used:
To indicate an action that will go on for some time in future:
When I get home my children will be playing.

To denote a future event that is planned:
I will be working here till Saturday.

EXERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in the Future Continuous Tense
Example: Max_________(to play) on the computer when his mother comes home.
Answer : Max will be playing on the computer when his mother comes home.
  1. Balu________(to come) to the party on Saturday.
  2. We________(to meet) him tomorrow.
  3. This time next week he________(to fly) to South Africa.
  4. At 6 o'clock on Friday they________(to sing) the new song.
  5. It________(probably / to rain) when I reach Bangkok.
  6. Tomorrow at nine I________(to write) a test.
  7. Anu________(to watch) a video when I arrive tonight.
  8. You________(to eat) pizza soon.
  9. She________(to sleep) when you telephone her.
  10. They________(to arrive) in Budapest just about now.
Answers:
  1. Balu will be coming to the party on Saturday.
  2. We will be meeting him tomorrow.
  3. This time next week he will be flying to South Africa.
  4. At 6 o'clock on Friday they will be singing the new song.
  5. It will probably be raining when I reach Bangkok.
  6. Tomorrow at nine I will be writing a test.
  7. Anu will be watching a video when I arrive tonight.
  8. You will be eating pizza soon.
  9. She will be sleeping when you telephone her.
  10. They will be arriving in Budapest just about now.

Negative Sentence

  1. I will not be doing.
  2. You will not be doing.
  3. He will be not doing.
  4. She will be not doing.
  5. It will be not doing.
  6. We will be not doing.
  7. You will be not doing.
  8. They will be not doing.

Question

  1. Will I be doing?
  2. Will you be doing?
  3. Will he be doing?
  4. Will she be doing?
  5. Will it be doing?
  6. Will we be doing?
  7. Will you be doing?
  8. Will they be doing?

Negative Question

  1. Will I not be doing?
  2. Will you not be doing?
  3. Will he not be doing?
  4. Will she not be doing?
  5. Will it not be doing?
  6. Will we not be doing?
  7. Will you not be doing?
  8. Will they not be doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, I will be doing.
  2. Yes, you will be doing.
  3. Yes, he will be doing.
  4. Yes, she will be doing.
  5. Yes, it will be doing.
  6. Yes, we will be doing.
  7. Yes, you will be doing.
  8. Yes, they will be doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, I will not be doing.
  2. No, you will not be doing.
  3. No, he will not be doing.
  4. No, she will not be doing.
  5. No, it will not be doing.
  6. No, we will not be doing.
  7. No, you will not be doing.
  8. No, they will not be doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why will I be eating?
  2. You will be eating to get strength.
  3. Where will you be going?
  4. I will be going to Chennai.
  5. Whom will he be loving?
  6. He will be loving Kamala.
  7. How will she be singing?
  8. She will be singing very well.
  9. What will it be doing?
  10. It will be sleeping.
  11. For whom will we be living?
  12. You will be living for others.
  13. To whom will you be giving?
  14. We will be giving to the children.
  15. When will they be studying?
  16. They will be studying in the morning.

Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense

Introductory Conjugation 
Simple Present Tense of the verb 'have'
  1. I have
  2. You have
  3. He have
  4. She have
  5. It have
  6. We have
  7. You have
  8. They have
Here if the word 'done' is added to the Simple Present of 'have', the Present Perfect Tense of 'do', 'I have done' is formed.

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I have done
  2. You have done
  3. He have done
  4. She have done
  5. It have done
  6. We have done
  7. You have done
  8. They have done
Ramesh has written a letter to his mother every week.

The Present Perfect is used:

1. To indicate an acton that is completed in the immediate past:
    He has just gone out.

2. To express the past actions whose time is not definite:
    I have never seen him getting angry.

3. To express a past action whose effect is stilll there:
   He has cut his finger. (It is still bleeding)

4. To denote an action which began in the past and is continuing now:
   We have lived here for ten years.
    I have not paid the fees yet.
   He has lived in Salem for five years.
   My mother has finished cooking just now.    I have not seen you since we met a year ago.

EXERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in the Present Perfect.
Example: I________my father's car. (to wash)
Answer : I have wasted my father's car.
  1. Karen________an e-mail. (to send)
  2. Deva and Dhanabalan________the museum. (to visit)
  3. They________already________their rucksacks. (to pack)
  4. I________at the pet shop. (to work)
  5. Raja________an accident. (to have)
  6. We________the shopping for our grandma. (to do)
  7. I________just________my bike. (to clean)
  8. Selvi and Lilly________to a concert. (to go)
  9. My friends________smoking. (to give up)
Answers:
  1. Karen has sent an e-mail.
  2. Deva and Dhanabalan have visited the museum.
  3. They have already packed their rucksacks.
  4. I have worked at the pet shop.
  5. Raja has had an accident.
  6. We have done the shopping for our grandma.
  7. I have just cleaned my bike.
  8. Selvi and Lilly have gone to a concert.
  9. My friends have given up smoking.

Negative Statement

  1. I have not done.
  2. You have not done.
  3. He have not done.
  4. She have not done.
  5. It have not done.
  6. We have not done.
  7. You have not done.
  8. They have not done.

Question

  1. Have I done?
  2. Have you done?
  3. Have he done?
  4. Have she done?
  5. Have it done? 
  6. Have we done?
  7. Have you done?
  8. Have they done?

Negative Question

  1. Have I not done?
  2. Have you not done?
  3. Have he not done?
  4. Have she not done?
  5. Have it not done? 
  6. Have we not done?
  7. Have you not done?
  8. Have they not done?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you have done.
  2. Yes, i have done.
  3. Yes, he have done.
  4. Yes, she have done.
  5. Yes, it have done.
  6. Yes, we have done.
  7. Yes, you have done.
  8. Yes, they have done.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you have not done.
  2. No, i have not done.
  3. No, he have not done.
  4. No, she have not done.
  5. No, it have not done.
  6. No, we have not done.
  7. No, you have not done.
  8. No, they have not done.

Using Question words

  1. Why have I eaten?
  2. You have eaten to get strength.
  3. Where have you gone?
  4. I have gone to Chennai.
  5. Whom has he loved?
  6. He has loved Kamala.
  7. How has she sung?
  8. She has sung very well.
  9. What has it done?
  10. It has slept.
  11. For whom have we lived?
  12. You have lived for others.
  13. To whom have you given?
  14. We have given to the children.
  15. When have they studied?
  16. They have studied in the morning.

Past Perfect Tense

Introductory Conjugation 
Simple Past Tense of the verb 'have'
  1. I had
  2. You had
  3. He had 
  4. She had
  5. It had 
  6. We had
  7. You had
  8. They had
Here if the word 'done' is added to the Simple Past of 'have', the Past Perfect Tense of 'do', 'I had done' is formed.

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I had done
  2. You had done
  3. He had done
  4. She had done
  5. It had done
  6. We had done
  7. You had done
  8. They had done
Ramesh had written a letter to his mother every week.

The Past Perfect is used:

1. To describe an action completed before a certain moment:
    I had met him five years ago

2. To denote the earlier event of the two past events:
    I had written the letter when my friend arrived.

Negative Sentence

  1. I had not done
  2. You had not done
  3. He had not done
  4. She had not done
  5. It had not done
  6. We had not done
  7. You had not done
  8. They had not done

Question

  1. Had I done?
  2. Had you done?
  3. Had he done?
  4. Had she done?
  5. Had it done? 
  6. Had we done?
  7. Had you done?
  8. Had they done?

Negative Question

  1. Had I not done?
  2. Had you not done?
  3. Had he not done?
  4. Had she not done?
  5. Had it not done? 
  6. Had we not done?
  7. Had you not done?
  8. Had they not done?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you had done.
  2. Yes, i had done.
  3. Yes, he had done.
  4. Yes, she had done.
  5. Yes, it had done.
  6. Yes, we had done.
  7. Yes, you had done.
  8. Yes, they had done.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you had not done.
  2. No, i had not done.
  3. No, he had not done.
  4. No, she had not done.
  5. No, it had not done.
  6. No, we had not done.
  7. No, you had not done.
  8. No, they had not done.

Using Question words

  1. Why had I eaten?
  2. You had eaten to get strength.
  3. Where had you gone?
  4. I had gone to Chennai.
  5. Whom had he loved?
  6. He had loved Kamala.
  7. How had she sung?
  8. She had sung very well.
  9. What had it done?
  10. It had slept.
  11. For whom had we lived?
  12. You had lived for others.
  13. To whom had you given?
  14. We had given to the children.
  15. When had they studied?
  16. They had studied in the morning.

EXERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in the Past Perfect Tense.
  1. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we_________(build).
  2. He_________(not / be) to Cape Town before 1997.
  3. When she went out to play, she_________(do / already) her homework.
  4. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum_________(make).
  5. The doctor took of the plaster that he_________(put on) six weeks before.
  6. The waiter brought a drink that I_________(not / order).
  7. I could not remeber the poem we_________(learn) the week before.
  8. The children collected the chestnuts that_________(fall) from the tree.
  9. _________(he / phone) Angie before he went to see her in London?
  10. She_________(not / ride) a horse before that day.
Answers:
  1. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we had built.
  2. He had not been to Cape Town before 1997.
  3. When she went out to play, she had already done her homework.
  4. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum had made.
  5. The doctor took of the plaster that he had put six weeks before.
  6. The waiter brought a drink that I had not ordered.
  7. I could not remeber the poem we had learned the week before.
  8. The children collected the chestnuts that had fallen from the tree.
  9. Had he phoned Angie before he went to see her in London?
  10. She had not ridden a horse before that day.
EXERCISE - II

Write verbs in the Past Perfect Tense.
  1. The pupils talked about the film they_________(watch).
  2. I was late for work because I_________(miss) the bus.
  3. We lived in the house that my father_________(build).
  4. We admired the picture that Lucy_________(paint).
  5. They watered the trees that they_________(plant).
  6. The teacher corrected the tastes that the pupils_________(write).
  7. I received a good mark in my test because I_________(practice) well.
  8. The mail order house did not send me the shirt that I_________(order).
  9. I had to clean the floor because my cats_________(knock) over the flower pots.
  10. My friend was in hospital because she_________(slip) on a banana skin.
Answers:
  1. The pupils talked about the film they had watched.
  2. I was late for work because I had missed the bus.
  3. We lived in the house that my father had built.
  4. We admired the picture that Lucy had painted.
  5. They watered the trees that they had planted.
  6. The teacher corrected the tastes that the pupils had written.
  7. I received a good mark in my test because I had practiced well.
  8. The mail order house did not send me the shirt that I had ordered.
  9. I had to clean the floor because my cats had knocked over the flower pots.
  10. My friend was in hospital because she had slipped on a banana skin.

Future Perfect Tense

Introductory Conjugation
Simple Future Tense of the verb 'have'
  1. I wil have
  2. You wil have
  3. He wil have
  4. She wil have
  5. It wil have
  6. We wil have
  7. You wil have
  8. They wil have
Here if the word 'done' is added to the Simple Future Tense of 'have', the Future Perfect Tense of 'do', 'I will have done' is formed.

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I wil have done
  2. You wil have done
  3. He wil have done
  4. She wil have done
  5. It wil have done
  6. We wil have done
  7. You wil have done
  8. They wil have done
Ramesh will have written a letter to his mother every week.

The Future Perfect is used:

To denote an action which will be completed in future by a fixed time:
Before you reach there he will have gone away.
I shall have built my house before March next year.
Most probably we shall have slept by the time you come to our room.

EXERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in brackets using Future Perfect Tense.
Example: He_________(to pack) the suitcase by tomorrow.
Answer  : He will have packed the suitcase by tomorow.
  1. Anne_________(to repair) her bike next week.
  2. We_________(to do) the washing by 8 o'clock.
  3. She_________(to visit) Paris by the end of next year.
  4. I_________(to finish) this by 6 o'clock.
  5. Sam_________(to leave) by next week.
  6. She_________(to discuss) this with her mother tonight.
  7. The police_________(to arrest) the murderer in one month's time.
  8. They_________(to write) their essay by tomorrow.
  9. Pandian_________(to manage) the teams.
  10. If we can do that, then we_________(to fulfil) our mission.
Answers:
  1. Anne will have repaired her bike next week.
  2. We shall have done the washing by 8 o'clock.
  3. She will have visited Paris by the end of next year.
  4. I shall have finished this by 6 o'clock.
  5. Sam will have left by next week.
  6. She will have discussed this with her mother tonight.
  7. The police will have arrested the murderer in one month's time.
  8. They will have written their essay by tomorrow.
  9. Pandian will have managed the teams.
  10. If we can do that, then we shall have fulfilled our mission.

Negative Sentence

  1. I wil not have done
  2. You wil not have done
  3. He wil not have done
  4. She wil not have done
  5. It wil not have done
  6. We wil not have done
  7. You wil not have done
  8. They wil not have done

Question

  1. Will I have done?
  2. Will you have done?
  3. Will he have done?
  4. Will she have done?
  5. Will it have done?
  6. Will we have done?
  7. Will you have done?
  8. Will they have done?

Negative Question

  1. Will I not have done?
  2. Will you not have done?
  3. Will he not have done?
  4. Will she not have done?
  5. Will it not have done?
  6. Will we not have done?
  7. Will you not have done?
  8. Will they not have done?

Queston - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you will have done.
  2. Yes, I will have done.
  3. Yes, he will have done.
  4. Yes, she will have done.
  5. Yes, it will have done.
  6. Yes, we will have done.
  7. Yes, you will have done.
  8. Yes, they will have done.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you will not have done.
  2. No, I will not have done.
  3. No, he will not have done.
  4. No, she will not have done.
  5. No, it will not have done.
  6. No, we will not have done.
  7. No, you will not have done.
  8. No, they will not have done.

Using Question words

  1. Why will I have eaten?
  2. You will have eaten to get strength.
  3. Where will you have gone?
  4. I will have gone to Chennai.
  5. Whom will he have loved?
  6. He will have loved Kamala.
  7. How will she have sung?
  8. She will have sung very well.
  9. What will it have done?
  10. It will have slept.
  11. For whom will we have lived?
  12. You will have lived for others.
  13. To whom will you have given?
  14. We will have given to the children.
  15. When will they have studied?
  16. They will have studied in the morning.

Perfect Continuous Tenses

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Introductory Conjugation

Being - Present Perfect Tense

  1. I have been
  2. You have been
  3. He has been
  4. She has been
  5. It has been
  6. We have been
  7. You have been
  8. They have been
Here if the word 'doing' is added to the sentence of Being: 'I have been', it becomes a sentence of Doing. 'I have been doing'.

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I have been doing
  2. You have been doing 
  3. He has been doing  
  4. She has been doing 
  5. It has been doing  
  6. We have been doing 
  7. You have been doing  
  8. They have been doing
Ramesh has been writing a letter to his mother every week.

Present Perfect Continuous is used:

To denote an action begun in the past and still continuing:
They have been building the bridge for several months.
They have been playing cricket since 4 o' clock.

EXERCISE - I

Fill in the verbs in the Present Perfect Continuous into the gaps.
Example: She_________tennis for half an hour now. (to play)
Answer  : She has been playing tennis for half an hour now.
  1. I_________this website since 1999. (to run)
  2. My parents_________for years. (to smoke)
  3. We_________in Greece since last August. (to live)
  4. He_________for her since 6o'clock. (to wait)
  5. Moorthy and Priya_________their bikes all day. (to ride)
  6. They_________in the sun for hours. (to lie)
  7. It_________since I cme home. (to rain)
  8. Arasi_________on the computer for too long. (to work)
Answers:
  1. I have been running this website since 1999.
  2. My parents have been smoking for years.
  3. We have been living in Greece since last August.
  4. He has been waiting for her since 6o'clock.
  5. Moorthy and Priya have been riding their bikes all day.
  6. They have been lying in the sun for hours.
  7. It has been raining since I cme home.
  8. Arasi has been working on the computer for too long.
EXERCISE - II

Choose the correct form: have or has and since or for.
  1. Emma_________been learning English_________five years.
  2. My friends_________been living here_________2003.
  3. I_________been waiting for Danny_________20 minutes.
  4. Ross and Gavin_________been travelling around Australia_________six weeks.
  5. Carol_________been exercising in the gym_________2 o'clock.
Answers:
  1. Emma has been learning English for five years.
  2. My friends have been living here since 2003.
  3. I have been waiting for Danny for 20 minutes.
  4. Ross and Gavin have been travelling around Australia for six weeks.
  5. Carol has been exercising in the gym since 2 o'clock.

Negative Sentence

  1. I have not been doing
  2. You have not been doing 
  3. He has not been doing  
  4. She has not been doing 
  5. It has not been doing  
  6. We have not been doing 
  7. You have not been doing  
  8. They have not been doing

Question

  1. Have I been doing?
  2. Have you been doing?
  3. Have he been doing?
  4. Have she been doing?
  5. Have it been doing?
  6. Have we been doing?
  7. Have you been doing?
  8. Have they been doing?

Negative Question

  1. Have I not been doing?
  2. Have you not been doing?
  3. Have he not been doing?
  4. Have she not been doing?
  5. Have it not been doing?
  6. Have we not been doing?
  7. Have you not been doing?
  8. Have they not been doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you have been doing.
  2. Yes, I have been doing.
  3. Yes, he have been doing.
  4. Yes, she have been doing.
  5. Yes, it have been doing.
  6. Yes, we have been doing.
  7. Yes, you have been doing.
  8. Yes, they have been doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you have not been doing.
  2. No, I have not been doing.
  3. No, he have not been doing.
  4. No, she have not been doing.
  5. No, it have not been doing.
  6. No, we have not been doing.
  7. No, you have not been doing.
  8. No, they have not been doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why have I been eating?
  2. You have been eating to get strength.
  3. Where you have been going?
  4. I have been going to Chennai.
  5. Whom he has been loving?
  6. He has been loving Kamala.
  7. How she has been singing?
  8. She has been singing very well.
  9. What it has been doing?
  10. It has been sleeping.
  11. For whom we have been living?
  12. You have been living for others.
  13. To whom you have been giving?
  14. We have been giving to the children.
  15. When they have been studying?
  16. They have been studying in the morning.
EXERCISE - I

Put the verbs into the correct form of Present Perfect Continous Tense
  1. He________(work) in this company since 1985.
  2. I________(wait) for you since 2 o' clock.
  3. Mary________(live) in Germany since 1992.
  4. Why is he so tired? He________(play) tennis for five hours.
  5. How long________(learn / you) English?
  6. We________(look for) the motor way for more than an hour.
  7. I________(live) without electricity for two weeks.
  8. The film________(run / not) for ten minutes yet, but there's a commercial break already.
  9. How long________(work / she) in the garden?
  10. She________(not / be) in the garden for more than an hour.
Answers:
  1. He has been working in this company since 1985.
  2. I have been waiting for you since 2 o' clock.
  3. Mary has been living in Germany since 1992.
  4. Why is he so tired? He has been playing tennis for five hours.
  5. How long have you been learning English?
  6. We have been looking for the motor way for more than an hour.
  7. I have been living without electricity for two weeks.
  8. The film has not been running for ten minutes yet, but there's a commercial break already.
  9. How long has she been working in the garden?
  10. She has not been in the garden for more than an hour.

Past Perfect Continuous

Introductory Conjugation

Being - Past Perfect

  1. I had been
  2. You had been
  3. He had been
  4. She had been
  5. It had been
  6. We had been
  7. You had been
  8. They had been
Here if the word 'doing' is added to the sentence of Being: 'I had been', it becomes a sentence of Doing 'I had been doing'.

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I had been doing
  2. You had been doing
  3. He had been doing
  4. She had been doing
  5. It had been doing
  6. We had been doing
  7. You had been doing
  8. They had been doing
Ramesh had been writing a letter to his mother every week.

The Past Perfect Continuous is used:

To denote an action that was begun, continued and completed before a fixed time:
At that time he had been writing a novel for two months.

Negative Sentence

  1. I had not been doing
  2. You had not been doing
  3. He had not been doing
  4. She had not been doing
  5. It had not been doing
  6. We had not been doing
  7. You had not been doing
  8. They had not been doing

Question

  1. Had I been doing?
  2. Had you been doing?
  3. Had he been doing?
  4. Had she been doing?
  5. Had it been doing?
  6. Had we been doing?
  7. Had you been doing?
  8. Had they been doing?

Negative Question

  1. Had I not been doing?
  2. Had you not been doing?
  3. Had he not been doing?
  4. Had she not been doing?
  5. Had it not been doing?
  6. Had we not been doing?
  7. Had you not been doing?
  8. Had they not been doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you had been doing.
  2. Yes, I had been doing.
  3. Yes, he had been doing.
  4. Yes, she had been doing.
  5. Yes, it had been doing.
  6. Yes, we had been doing.
  7. Yes, you had been doing.
  8. Yes, they had been doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you had not been doing.
  2. No, I had not been doing.
  3. No, he had not been doing.
  4. No, she had not been doing.
  5. No, it had not been doing.
  6. No, we had not been doing.
  7. No, you had not been doing.
  8. No, they had not been doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why had I been eating?
  2. You had been eating to get strength.
  3. Where you had been going?
  4. I had been going to Chennai.
  5. Whom he had been loving?
  6. He had been loving Kamala.
  7. How she had been singing?
  8. She had been singing very well.
  9. What it had been doing?
  10. It had been sleeping.
  11. For whom we had been living?
  12. You had been living for others.
  13. To whom you had been giving?
  14. We had been giving to the children.
  15. When they had been studying?
  16. They had been studying in the morning.
EXERCISE - I

Put the verbs into the correct form (Past Perfect Continuous Tense)
  1. We_________(sleep) for 12 hours when he woke us up.
  2. They_________(wait) at the station for 90 minutes when the train finally arrived.
  3. We_________(look for) her ring for two hours and then we found it in the bathroom.
  4. I_________(not / walk) for a long time, when it suddenly began to rain.
  5. How long_________(learn / she) English before she went to London?
  6. Frank Sinatra caught the flu because he_________(sing) in the rain too long.
  7. He_________(drive) less than an hour when he ran out of petrol.
  8. They were very tired in the evening because they_________(help) on the farm all day.
  9. I_________(not / work) all day; so I wasn't tired and went to the dusco at night.
  10. They_________(cycle) all day so their legs were sore in the evening.
Answers:
  1. We had been sleeping for 12 hours when he woke us up.
  2. They had been waiting at the station for 90 minutes when the train finally arrived.
  3. We had been looking for her ring for two hours and then we found it in the bathroom.
  4. I had not been walking for a long time, when it suddenly began to rain.
  5. How long had she been learning English before she went to London?
  6. Frank Sinatra caught the flu because he had been singing in the rain too long.
  7. He had been driving less than an hour when he ran out of petrol.
  8. They were very tired in the evening because they had been helping on the farm all day.
  9. I had not been working all day; so I wasn't tired and went to the dusco at night.
  10. They had been cycling all day so their legs were sore in the evening.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Introductory Conjugation

Being - Future Perfect Tense

  1. I will have been
  2. You will have been
  3. He will have been
  4. She will have been
  5. It will have been
  6. We will have been
  7. You will have been
  8. They will have been
Here if the word ' doing' is added to the sentence of Being: 'I will have been', it becomes a sentence of Doing 'I will have been doing'

Actual Conjugation

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I will have been doing
  2. You will have been doing
  3. He will have been doing
  4. She will have been doing
  5. It will have been doing
  6. We will have been doing
  7. You will have been doing
  8. They will have been doing
Ramesh willhave been writing a letter to his mother every week.

The Future Perfect Continuous is used:

To denote an action which will continue and be completed by some time in future.
By next month we will have been living here for ten years.

For more Explanation and Examples: The future perfect continuous tense is used to:
  1. emphasize how long an aevent will be in progress at a future time.
  2. stress the length of time of an event or action in the future.
  3. is used to state the results of an action or event in the future.
  4. represent a continuous action that stated at some point, and continues into some point in the future.
  5. state that results of a future action, after another future action. (2 actions that will take place in the future, one action takes place beforem the 2nd action)
Rules for using the future perfect continuous tenses: The future period of time if usually states:
  1. next year
  2. next week
  3. next month etc.
  4. the exact time can be stated
  5. the approximate time can be stated
The period of time until the present point of time.
The future perfect continous tense is usually not used with static verbs.
The future perfect continous tense is also called the future perfect progressive tense.
  1. In the fall I will have been studying here for two years. 
  2. My son will have been teaching for 10 years next month.
  3. The teacher will have been teaching my children for 5 years next month.
  4. The dogs will have been playing for 3 hours in 10 minutes.
  5. Tommy will be very tired when she comes home, because she will have been flying over 24 hours.
  6. He will have been writing a book by the end of the week.
  7. He will have been writing this book for three months by the end of this week.
  8. They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives.
  9. She will have been working at that company for three years when it finally closes.
  10. James will have been teaching at the university for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia.
  11. How long will you have been studying when you graduate?
  12. We will have been driving for over three days straight when we get to Anchorage.

Negative Sentence

  1. I will not have been doing
  2. You will not have been doing
  3. He will not have been doing
  4. She will not have been doing
  5. It will not have been doing
  6. We will not have been doing
  7. You will not have been doing
  8. They will not have been doing

Question

  1. Will I have been doing?
  2. Will you have been doing?
  3. Will he have been doing?
  4. Will she have been doing?
  5. Will it have been doing?
  6. Will we have been doing?
  7. Will you have been doing?
  8. Will they have been doing?

Negative Question

  1. Will I not have been doing?
  2. Will you not have been doing?
  3. Will he not have been doing?
  4. Will she not have been doing?
  5. Will it not have been doing?
  6. Will we not have been doing?
  7. Will you not have been doing?
  8. Will they not have been doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you will have been doing.
  2. Yes, I will have been doing.
  3. Yes, he will have been doing.
  4. Yes, she will have been doing.
  5. Yes, it will have been doing.
  6. Yes, we will have been doing.
  7. Yes, you will have been doing.
  8. Yes, they will have been doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you will not have been doing.
  2. No, I will have not been doing.
  3. No, he will have not been doing.
  4. No, she will have not been doing.
  5. No, it will have not been doing.
  6. No, we will have not been doing.
  7. No, you will have not been doing.
  8. No, they will have not been doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why will I have been eating?
  2. You will have been eating to get strength.
  3. Where will you have been going?
  4. I will have been going to Chennai.
  5. Whom will he have been loving?
  6. He will have been loving Kamala.
  7. How will she have been singing?
  8. She will have been singing very well.
  9. What will it have been doing?
  10. It will have been sleeping.
  11. For whom will we have been living?
  12. You will have been living for others.
  13. To whom will you have been giving?
  14. We will have been giving to the children.
  15. When they will have been studying?
  16. They will have been studying in the morning.

Conjugation of some of auxiliary verbs

OBLIGATION

Simple Tense

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I must do
  2. You must do
  3. He must do
  4. She must do
  5. It must do
  6. We must do
  7. You must do
  8. They must do

Negative Sentence

  1. I must not do
  2. You must not do
  3. He must not do
  4. She must not do
  5. It must not do
  6. We must not do
  7. You must not do
  8. They must not do

Question

  1. Must I do?
  2. Must you do?
  3. Must he do?
  4. Must she do?
  5. Must it do?
  6. Must we do?
  7. Must you do?
  8. Must they do?

Negative Question

  1. Must I not do?
  2. Must you not do?
  3. Must he not do?
  4. Must she not do?
  5. Must it not do?
  6. Must we not do?
  7. Must you not do?
  8. Must they not do?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you must do.
  2. Yes, I must do.
  3. Yes, he must do.
  4. Yes, she must do.
  5. Yes, it must do.
  6. Yes, we must do.
  7. Yes, you must do.
  8. Yes, they must do.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. Yes, you must not do.
  2. Yes, I must not do.
  3. Yes, he must not do.
  4. Yes, she must not do.
  5. Yes, it must not do.
  6. Yes, we must not do.
  7. Yes, you must not do.
  8. Yes, they must not do.

Using Question words

  1. Why must I eat?
  2. You must eat to get strength.
  3. Where must you go?
  4. I must go to Chennai.
  5. Whom must he love?
  6. He must love Kamala.
  7. How must she sing?
  8. She must sing very well.
  9. What must it do?
  10. It must sleep.
  11. For whom must do we live?
  12. You must live for others.
  13. To whom must you give?
  14. We must give to the children.
  15. When must they study?
  16. They must study in the morning.

Continuous Sentence

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I must be doing
  2. You must be doing
  3. He must be doing
  4. She must be doing
  5. It must be doing
  6. We must be doing
  7. You must be doing
  8. They must be doing

Negative Sentence

  1. I must not be doing
  2. You must not be doing
  3. He must not be doing
  4. She must not be doing
  5. It must not be doing
  6. We must not be doing
  7. You must not be doing
  8. They must not be doing

Question

  1. Must I be doing?
  2. Must you be doing?
  3. Must he be doing?
  4. Must she be doing?
  5. Must it be doing? 
  6. Must we be doing?
  7. Must you be doing?
  8. Must they be doing?

Negative Question

  1. Must I not be doing?
  2. Must you not be doing?
  3. Must he not be doing?
  4. Must she not be doing?
  5. Must it not be doing? 
  6. Must we not be doing?
  7. Must you not be doing?
  8. Must they not be doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you must be doing.
  2. Yes, I must be doing.
  3. Yes, he must be doing.
  4. Yes, she must be doing.
  5. Yes, it must be doing.
  6. Yes, we must be doing.
  7. Yes, you must be doing.
  8. Yes, they must be doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you must not be doing.
  2. No, I must not be doing.
  3. No, he must not be doing.
  4. No, she must not be doing.
  5. No, it must not be doing.
  6. No, we must not be doing.
  7. No, you must not be doing.
  8. No, they must not be doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why must I be eating?
  2. You must be eating to get strength.
  3. Where must you be going?
  4. I must be going to Chennai.
  5. Whom must he be loving?
  6. He must be loving Kamala.
  7. How must she be singing?
  8. She must be singing very well.
  9. What must it be doing?
  10. It must be sleeping.
  11. For whom must we be living?
  12. You must be living for others.
  13. To whom must you be giving?
  14. We must be giving to the children.
  15. When must they be studying?
  16. They must be studying in the morning.

Perfect Tense

Affirmative Sentence

  1. I must have done.
  2. You must have done.
  3. He must have done.
  4. She must have done.
  5. It must have done.
  6. We must have done.
  7. You must have done.
  8. They must have done. 

Negative Sentence

  1. I must not have done.
  2. You must not have done.
  3. He must not have done.
  4. She must not have done.
  5. It must not have done.
  6. We must not have done.
  7. You must not have done.
  8. They must not have done.

Obligation - Question

  1. Must I have done?
  2. Must you have done?
  3. Must he have done?
  4. Must she have done?
  5. Must it have done?
  6. Must we have done?
  7. Must you have done?
  8. Must they have done?

Obligation - Negative Question

  1. Must I not have done?
  2. Must you not have done?
  3. Must he not have done?
  4. Must she not have done?
  5. Must it not have done?
  6. Must we not have done?
  7. Must you not have done?
  8. Must they not have done?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you must have done.
  2. Yes, I must have done.
  3. Yes, he must have done.
  4. Yes, she must have done.
  5. Yes, it must have done.
  6. Yes, we must have done.
  7. Yes, you must have done.
  8. Yes, they must have done.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you must not have done.
  2. No, I must not have done.
  3. No, he must not have done.
  4. No, she must not have done.
  5. No, it must not have done.
  6. No, we must not have done.
  7. No, you must not have done.
  8. No, they must not have done.

Using Question words

  1. Why must I have eaten?
  2. You must have eaten to get strength.
  3. Where must you have gone?
  4. I must have gone to Chennai.
  5. Whom must he have loved?
  6. He must have loved Kamala.
  7. How must she have sung?
  8. She must have sung very well.
  9. What must it have done?
  10. It must have slept.
  11. For whom must we have lived?
  12. You must have lived for others.
  13. To whom must you have given?
  14. We must have given to the children.
  15. When must they have studied?
  16. They must have studied in the morning.

Perfect Continous Tense

  1. I must have been doing
  2. You must have been doing
  3. He must have been doing
  4. She must have been doing
  5. It must have been doing
  6. We must have been doing
  7. You must have been doing
  8. They must have been doing

Negative

  1. I must not have been doing
  2. You must not have been doing
  3. He must not have been doing
  4. She must not have been doing
  5. It must not have been doing
  6. We must not have been doing
  7. You must not have been doing
  8. They must not have been doing

Question

  1. Must I have been doing?
  2. Must you have been doing?
  3. Must he have been doing?
  4. Must she have been doing?
  5. Must it have been doing?
  6. Must we have been doing?
  7. Must you have been doing?
  8. Must they have been doing?

Negative Question

  1. Must I not have been doing?
  2. Must you not have been doing?
  3. Must he not have been doing?
  4. Must she not have been doing?
  5. Must it not have been doing?
  6. Must we not have been doing?
  7. Must you not have been doing?
  8. Must they not have been doing?

Question - Positive Answer

  1. Yes, you must have been doing.
  2. Yes, I must have been doing.
  3. Yes, he must have been doing.
  4. Yes, she must have been doing.
  5. Yes, it must have been doing.
  6. Yes, we must have been doing.
  7. Yes, you must have been doing.
  8. Yes, they must have been doing.

Question - Negative Answer

  1. No, you must not have been doing.
  2. No, I must not have been doing.
  3. No, he must not have been doing.
  4. No, she must not have been doing.
  5. No, it must not have been doing.
  6. No, we must not have been doing.
  7. No, you must not have been doing.
  8. No, they must not have been doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why must I have been eating?
  2. You must have been eating to get strength.
  3. Where must you have been going?
  4. I must have been going to Chennai.
  5. Whom must he have been loving?
  6. He must have been loving Kamala.
  7. How must she have been singing?
  8. She must have been singing very well.
  9. What must it have been doing?
  10. It must have been sleeping.
  11. For whom must we have been living?
  12. You must have been living for others.
  13. To whom must you have been giving?
  14. We must have been giving to the children.
  15. When must they have been studying?
  16. They must have been studying in the morning.

ABILITY

Simple Tense

  1. I can do
  2. You can do
  3. He can do
  4. She can do
  5. It can do
  6. We can do
  7. You can do
  8. They can do
Negative Sentence 
I cannot do

Question 
Can I do?

Negative Question 
Can I not do?

Question             : Can I do?
Positive Answer  : Yes, you can do.
Negative Answer : No, you cannot do.

Using Question words

  1. Why can I eat?
  2. You can eat to get strength.
  3. Where can you go?
  4. I can go to Chennai.
  5. Whom can he love?
  6. He can love Kamala.
  7. How can she sing?
  8. She can sing very well.
  9. What can it do?
  10. It can sleep.
  11. For whom can do we live?
  12. You can live for others.
  13. To whom can you give?
  14. We can give to the children.
  15. When can they study?
  16. They can study in the morning.

Continuous Tense

I can be doing

Negative Sentence
I cannot be doing.

Question
Can I be doing?

Negative Question
Can I not be doing?

Question              : Can, I be doing?
Positive Answer   : Yes, you can be doing.
Negative Answer  : No, you cannot be doing.

EXERCISE - I

Add can or can't to the following sentences.
Example: You can speak English.
  1. Monkeys__________talk.
  2. Elephant__________fly.
  3. I__________play the piano, but Bindhu can't.
  4. You__________go on vacation.  It's too expensive.
  5. __________I borrow some money?
  6. I don't know the answer.  __________you tell me?
  7. Ajith__________come tonight, he's too busy.
  8. Anandhi makes great food.  She__________cook really well.
  9. Excuse me, we__________see the movie.
  10. It's too noisy.  We__________study well.
Answers: 1. can't  2. can't  3. can  4. can't  5. Can  6. can  7. can't  8. can  9. can't  10. can't

EXERCISE - II

Arrange those words to form correct sentences.
Question : Speak can you English
Answer   : You can speak English.
  1. you can play the violin?__________
  2. draw they can't well.__________
  3. play I basketball can.__________
  4. we can come house to your?__________
  5. she sleep can't__________
  6. you cook can?__________
  7. watch can television I?__________
Answers: 1. Can you play the violin?  2. They can't draw well  3. I can play basketball                            4. Can we come to your house?  5. She can't sleep  6. Can you cook?  7. Can I watch television?

Using Question words

  1. Why can I be eating?
  2. You can be eating to get strength.
  3. Where can you be going?
  4. I can be going to Chennai.
  5. Whom can he be loving?
  6. He can be loving Kamala.
  7. How can she be singing?
  8. She can be singing very well.
  9. What can it be doing?
  10. It can be sleeping.
  11. For whom can we be living?
  12. You can be living for others.
  13. To whom can you be giving?
  14. We can be giving to the children.
  15. When can they be studying?
  16. They can be studying in the morning.

Perfect Tense

  1. I could have done
  2. You could have done
  3. He could have done
  4. She could have done
  5. It could have done
  6. We could have done
  7. You could have done
  8. They could have done

Negative Statement

I could not have done

Question
Could I have done?

Negative Question
Could I not have done?

Question                      : Could I have done?
Positive Answer           : Yes, you could have done.
Negative Answer          : No, you could not have done.

Using Question words

  1. Why could I have eaten?
  2. You could have eaten to get strength.
  3. Where could you have gone?
  4. I could have gone to Chennai.
  5. Whom could he have loved?
  6. He could have loved Kamala.
  7. How could she have sung?
  8. She could have sung very well.
  9. What could it have done?
  10. It could have slept.
  11. For whom could we have lived?
  12. You could have lived for others.
  13. To whom could you have given?
  14. We could have given to the children.
  15. When could they have studied?
  16. They could have studied in the morning.

Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. I could have been doing
  2. You could have been doing
  3. He could have been doing
  4. She could have been doing
  5. It could have been doing
  6. We could have been doing
  7. You could have been doing
  8. They could have been doing

Negative Sentence

I could not have been doing.

Question
Could I have been doing?

Negative Question
Could I not have been doing?

Question           : Could I have been doing?
Positive Answer : Yes, you could have been doing.
Negative Answer: No, you could not have been doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why could I have been eating?
  2. You could have been eating to get strength.
  3. Where could you have been going?
  4. I could have been going to Chennai.
  5. Whom could he have been loving?
  6. He could have been loving Kamala.
  7. How could she have been singing?
  8. She could have been singing very well.
  9. What could it have been doing?
  10. It could have been sleeping.
  11. For whom could we have been living?
  12. You could have been living for others.
  13. To whom could you have been giving?
  14. We could have been giving to the children.
  15. When could they have been studying?
  16. They could have been studying in the morning.

POSSIBILITY

Simple Tense

  1. I may do
  2. You may do
  3. He may do
  4. She may do
  5. It may do
  6. We may do
  7. You may do
  8. They may do
Negative Sentence
I may not do

Question
May I do?

Negative Question
May I not do?

Question               : May I do?
Positive Answer    : Yes, you may do.
Negative Answer   : No, you may not do.

Using Question words

  1. Why may I eat?
  2. You may eat to get strength.
  3. Where may you go?
  4. I may go to Chennai.
  5. Whom may he love?
  6. He may love Kamala.
  7. How may she sing?
  8. She may sing very well.
  9. What may it do?
  10. It may sleep.
  11. For whom may do we live?
  12. You may live for others.
  13. To whom may you give?
  14. We may give to the children.
  15. When may they study?
  16. They may study in the morning.

Continuous Tense

  1. I may be doing
  2. You may be doing
  3. He may be doing
  4. She may be doing
  5. It may be doing
  6. We may be doing
  7. You may be doing
  8. They may be doing
Negative Sentence
I may not be doing.

Question
May I be doing?

Negative Question
May I not be doing?

Question              : May , I be doing?
Positive Answer   : Yes, you may be doing.
Negative Answer  : No, you may not be doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why may I be eating?
  2. You may be eating to get strength.
  3. Where may you be going?
  4. I may be going to Chennai.
  5. Whom may he be loving?
  6. He may be loving Kamala.
  7. How may she be singing?
  8. She may be singing very well.
  9. What may it be doing?
  10. It may be sleeping.
  11. For whom may we be living?
  12. You may be living for others.
  13. To whom may you be giving?
  14. We may be giving to the children.
  15. When may they be studying?
  16. They may be studying in the morning.

Perfect Tense

  1. I may have done
  2. You may have done
  3. He may have done
  4. She may have done
  5. It may have done
  6. We may have done
  7. You may have done
  8. They may have done
Negative Sentence
I may not have done

Using Question words

  1. Why might I have eaten?
  2. You might have eaten to get strength.
  3. Where might you have gone?
  4. I might have gone to Chennai.
  5. Whom might he have loved?
  6. He might have loved Kamala.
  7. How might she have sung?
  8. She might have sung very well.
  9. What might it have done?
  10. It might have slept.
  11. For whom might we have lived?
  12. You might have lived for others.
  13. To whom might you have given?
  14. We might have given to the children.
  15. When might they have studied?
  16. They might have studied in the morning.

Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. I may have been doing
  2. You may have been doing
  3. He may have been doing
  4. She may have been doing
  5. It may have been doing
  6. We may have been doing
  7. You may have been doing
  8. They may have been doing
Negative Sentence
I may not have been doing.

Using Question words

  1. Why might I have been eating?
  2. You might have been eating to get strength.
  3. Where might you have been going?
  4. I might have been going to Chennai.
  5. Whom might he have been loving?
  6. He might have been loving Kamala.
  7. How might she have been singing?
  8. She might have been singing very well.
  9. What might it have been doing?
  10. It might have been sleeping.
  11. For whom might we have been living?
  12. You might have been living for others.
  13. To whom might you have been giving?
  14. We might have been giving to the children.
  15. When might they have been studying?
  16. They might have been studying in the morning.

Doing

LET
  1. Let me do
  2. Let him do
  3. Let her do
  4. Let it do
  5. Let us do
  6. Let them do
  1. Let me be doing
  2. Let him be doing
  3. Let her be doing
  4. Let it be doing
  5. Let us be doing
  6. Let them be doing
EXERCISE - I

Choose have to / has to or don't have to / doesn't have to.
  1. Every man_________do military service in my country,  It's obligatory.
  2. When do we_________pay for the next term?
  3. Policemen_________wear a uniform.
  4. A pilot_________train for many years.
  5. Does Susan_________work long hours?
  6. I_________get up early on Sundays.  I can stay in bed.
  7. You_________have a visa to come to Ukraine.
  8. You_________to do it if you don't want to.
  9. My daughter_________to cook, because I cook for the whole family.
  10. We_________pay.  It's free.
Answers:
  1. Every man has to do military service in my country,  It's obligatory.
  2. When do we have to pay for the next term?
  3. Policemen have to wear a uniform.
  4. A pilot has to train for many years.
  5. Does Susan have to work long hours?
  6. I don't have to get up early on Sundays.  I can stay in bed.
  7. You have to have a visa to come to Ukraine.
  8. You don't have to to do it if you don't want to.
  9. My daughter doesn't have to cook, because I cook for the whole family.
  10. We don't have to pay.  It's free.
EXERCISE - II

Choose the words in the correct order to make positives, negatives and questions with have to / have got to and don't have to / haven't got to.
  1. I've got to but sorry, leave now.
  2. A to has postman early.  get up
  3. of answer calls.  have lots phone I to
  4. says on has diet.  doctor The go to she a
  5. having up get I hate early.  to
  6. you have to home? do go When
  7. by six.  there got be I've
  8. has a This to be mistake.
  9. to mad You have be work here.  to
  10. have was fault.  that it may to I say
Answers:
  1. Sorry, but I've got to leave now.
  2. A postman has to get up early.
  3. I have to answer lots of phone calls.
  4. The doctor says she has to go on a diet.
  5. I hate having to get up early.
  6. When do you have to go home?
  7. I've got to be there by six.
  8. This has to be a mistake.
  9. You have to be mad to work here.
  10. I have to say that it was my fault.
EXERCISE - III

Fill in the blanks by using Must / Mustn't
Example: You mustn't write your message in capital letters.
  1. Ssh, everyone's sleeping, we________wake them up.
  2. You________tryharder or you'll never succeed.
  3. How often________my son take this medicine?
  4. We________park the car here, it's forbidden.
  5. Why________you always argue when I ask you to do something?
  6. Everything________be ready for the wedding.
  7. You________do that, you're not allowed.
  8. I________set my alarm tonight; I don't want to oversleep tomorrow morning.
  9. They________protest.  That________be accepted in any case.
  10. She________finish her work before we leave.  She________be late with this project.
Answers:
  1. Ssh, everyone's sleeping, we mustn't wake them up.
  2. You must try harder or you'll never succeed.
  3. How often must my son take this medicine?
  4. We mustn't park the car here, it's forbidden.
  5. Why must you always argue when I ask you to do something?
  6. Everything must be ready for the wedding.
  7. You mustn't do that, you're not allowed.
  8. I must set my alarm tonight; I don't want to oversleep tomorrow morning.
  9. They must protest.  That mustn't be accepted in any case.
  10. She must finish her work before we leave.  She mustn't be late with this project.
EXERCISE - IV

Put the following jumbled sentences in order. (must / mustn't)
  1. You in mustn't smoke the plane.
  2. be cinema.  the must at You quiet
  3. children parents? Must their obey
  4. must the take Laura taxi at airport.  a
  5. around.  mustn't run Laura Mike and
  6. be with the must They careful prices.
  7. a guide buy They the of must USA.
  8. mustn't expensive They objects.  break
  9. assistants.  polite the They must with be shop
  10. money.  their mustn't spend all They
Answers:
  1. You mustn't smoke in the plane.
  2. You must be quiet at the cinema.
  3. Must children obey their parents?
  4. Laura must take a taxi at the airport.
  5. Laura and Mike mustn't run around.
  6. They must be careful with the prices.
  7. They msut buy a guide of the U.S.A.
  8. They mustn't break expensive objects.
  9. They must be polite with the shop assistants.
  10. They mustn't spend all their money.
EXERCISE - V

Choose should or shouldn't.
  1. You_________be so selfish.
  2. I don't think you_________smoke so much.
  3. You_________exercise more.
  4. I think you_________try to speak to her.
  5. You are overweight.  You_________go on a diet.
  6. Where_________we park our car?
  7. You_________never speak to your mother like this.
  8. The kids_________spend so much time in front of the TV.
  9. _________I tell her the truth or should I say nothing?
  10. I think we_________reserve our holiday in advance.
Answers:
  1. You shouldn't be so selfish.
  2. I don't think you should smoke so much.
  3. You should exercise more.
  4. I think you should try to speak to her.
  5. You are overweight.  You should go on a diet.
  6. Where should we park our car?
  7. You should never speak to your mother like this.
  8. The kids shouldn't spend so much time in front of the TV.
  9. should I tell her the truth or should I say nothing?
  10. I think we should reserve our holiday in advance.
EXERCISE - VI

Choose the words in the correct order to make positives, negatives and questions with should and shouldn't
  1. up give should smoking.  I
  2. her I not? or Should tell
  3. take think you I should easy.  it
  4. should What come? time I
  5. so much.  work Jeff shouldn't
  6. should this think Anita accept I job. don't
  7. should take umbrellas.  We our
  8. you should sure Are we it? do
  9. is should home.  do you What go
  10. I police? the speak think you to should Do
Answers:
  1. I should give up smoking.
  2. Should I tell or not?
  3. I think you should take it easy.
  4. What time should I come?
  5. Jeff shouldn't work so much.
  6. I don't think Anita should accept this job.
  7. We should take our umbrellas.
  8. Are you sure we should do it?
  9. What you should do is go home.
  10. Do you think I should speak to the police?
EXERCISE -VII

Fill in needn't or mustn't.

Example: You________forget your homework. (mustn't)
Answer : You mustn't forget your homeword.
  1. We've got plenty of time.  We_________hurry.
  2. We have enough food at home.  We_________go shopping today.
  3. I_________forget to do my homeword.
  4. You_________wash these fruits.  I've already washed them.
  5. That's a secret.  You_________tell anybody.
  6. That's not a secret.  You_________whisper.
  7. I can go on my own.  You_________come with me.
  8. You_________call me.  I will call you when I get home so that you save some money.
  9. Take your time.  You_________be back before eight.
  10. You_________translate that.  I understand what you say.
  11. You_________tell Sandra.  She can't keep a secret.
  12. I have to go now.  I_________be late for work.
  13. The last bus is at eleven.  I_________miss it or else I won't be able to get home.
  14. You_________lend me your umbrella.  I love walking in the rain.
  15. We've got plenty of time.  We_________leave yet.
  16. We_________walk all the way home.  We can take a taxi.
  17. Tom has broken his leg.  He_________walk a lot.  It is not good for him.
  18. I know what you mean.  you_________explain further.
  19. Jim gave me a letter to post.  I_________forget to do that.
  20. There's plenty of time for you to make up your mind now.  You_________decide now.
Answers: 1. needn't  2. needn't  3. mustn't  4. needn't  5. mustn't  6. needn't  7. needn't  8. needn't          9. needn't  10. neen't  11. mustn't  12. mustn't  13. mustn't  14. needn't  15. needn't  16. needn't            17. mustn't  18. needn't  19. mustn't  20. needn't

EXERCISE - VIII

Complete the sentence by using can or can't.
  1. Where_________I see a good rock concert?
  2. Can Lilly speak English? No, she_________.
  3. What_________you do?
  4. Can Rubini drive? YEs, she_________.
  5. Where_________I buy a new camera?
  6. _________you read in Tamil? Yes, I________.
  7. Can I invite my friends? Yes, they_________come.
  8. _________you help me, please?
  9. _________youplay the Drums?
  10. I_________find my keys.  Where are they?
Answers:
  1. Where can I see a good rock concert?
  2. Can Lilly speak English? No, she can't.
  3. What can you do?
  4. Can Rubini drive? Yes, she can.
  5. Where can I buy a new camera?
  6. Can you read in Tamil? Yes, I can.
  7. Can I invite my friends? Yes, they can come.
  8. Can you help me, please?
  9. Can youplay the Drums?
  10. I can't find my keys.  Where are they?

Post a Comment

 
Top