Parts of Speech

Just as different parts in our body have different functions, different words in a sentence have different functions.
The parts of Speech are eight in numbers.

Parts of Speech


A Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, thing, activity, or whatever we can think of.  
  • Mahatma Gandhi is the father of our nation.
  • Bangalore is a beautiful city.
  • The chair is strong.
  • All of us accept God is love.
  • Swimming is a good exercise.


An adjective is a word that tells something about a noun.
  • He is an obedient student.
  • There are one thousand students in our school.


A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.
  • Ganesh is absent today, because he is not in station.
  • I had a nice watch.  I lost it last week.


A verb is a word used to express the status of the subject or the action done by or done to the subject.
  • Kolkata is the biggest city in India.
  • My friend wrote a letter to me.
  • This book was written by my professor.


An adverb is a word that tells something about the verb, adjective or another adverb.
  • Gowri ran quickly. (ran - Verb)
  • This flower is very beautiful. (beautiful - Adjective)
  • He spoke very clearly.(clearly - Adverb)


A preposition is a word that shows the relation of the noun or pronoun to some other noun.
  • The book is on the table.
  • My mother is preparing coffee in the kitchen.
  • The box is under the cot.


A conjunction is a word that joins words or sentences.
  • Kumar and Sundar are brothers.
  • He studied hard but failed in the examination.


An interjection is a word that expresses some feeling or emotion.
  • Hurrah!  We got the First Prize.
  • Alas!  He is dead.

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